What´s Spinal Anaesthesia?

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Spinal anaesthesia is a safe and effective alternative to general anaesthesia when the surgical site is located on the lower extremities, perineum and lower abdominal region. It has got the advantage of being, cost-effective, easy administration technique, rapid onset of action, with relatively less adverse effects and most importantly patient remaining aroused throughout the procedure1-2. Surgical procedure that is often performed under general anesthesia have side such as postoperative nausea and vomiting, short-term cognitive impairment, prolonged sedation and early postoperative pain may be undesirable in outpatients, elderly and cardiovascular compromised patients3.
Spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine is administered routinely for lower
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