Stonehenge is complex yet, simple place. The name Stonehenge comes from the name “Stonehengen” meaning “stone hanging” or “gallows.” Stonehenge was believed to have been created during 3000 - 1520 B.C.E. This was during the Neolithic period and Bronze age. The people who created Stonehenge were very advanced. By the time came to make Stonehenge the Mesolithic and Neolithic people already found a spot that was special in someway to them and started constructing. Stonehenge was built in six different
Nothing in the life was built for nothing. Everything has a reason. The same apply for Stonehenge, pyramids, and many other ancients’ structures. Stonehenge is one of the oldest unsolved mysteries in the world. The ancient stone is located in Wiltshire, England. English Heritage organization is the responsible for looking after the monuments included with the Stonehenge. People always ask how come a monument was built before 3000 B.C. with naked hands. In this paper, the history of Stonehenge and most common myths of Stonehenge will be discussed in brief lines. Then, what the author thinks Stonehenge was built for would be discussed.
Even when the plain was safely reached, difficulties still abounded. Shifting a total of 22,000 tons of marble across ten miles of level plain to the Acropolis proved a major operation itself. These drums, blocks, and architraves were so enormously heavy that special methods of transport had to be devised for them, and the existing road had to be rebuilt so that it was strong enough to support their weight. Traffic was restricted to the dry summer months for fear that the blocks would bog down in the mud, and the largest blocks of all seem to have baffled the wagonmakers. Axles had to be inserted directly into their end sockets, and these were then equipped with wheels no less than twelve feet in diameter. The whole was fitted to a frame of four-inch timbers and drawn by up to thirty teams of oxen. Shifting a block of marble from the quarry to the Acropolis took at least two days and
Located in Wiltshire England, Stonehenge is a World Heritage site consisting of 4,500 year-old stones with some reaching heights up to 4.5m (15ft). Ever since the Middle Ages, the site has been one of the greatest mysteries in Europe being subject to multiple speculations and theories.
Thesis Statement: The Stonehenge is a complex work of art; as it has been built over different periods of time representing wide range of ideas and thoughts. It is a monument that encapsulates the identity of a collective society of an era. It portrays the belief and value system, status, faith, relationship with the supreme being (god), and technological knowledge of the citizens of a society that is associated with the making of the Stonehenge. The large span of time and ambiguity of the society related to the Stonehenge has made most archeological surveys uncertain and thus, creating a mystery about, why was a monument containing, just stones weighing thousands of tones, in a relatively isolated area built? What was the motivations and purpose behind building it? And, how all these elements give an account of the civilization existing around the area.
Nearly every writer has had new theories about the Stonehenge. Over the years, secrets have been discovered. Archaeologist digs have discovered a lot about Stonehenge. But, we can only guess at how these configurations were used. We can only wonder as to the ceremonies performed around the great stones. Besides, we can only hypothesize as to why Stonehenge was ever constructed. The stones stand over the Salisbury Plane. They stand and have stood for thousands of years. Scientist may never know all the answers to the questions about Stonehenge. Until researches can outlook the footsteps of the people of Stonehenge, we will never answer all of the questions and mysteries surrounding it. Still, the great silent stones dare us to unravel its
Over a span of 2,000 years, monuments have been added to Stonehenge. While most are buried today, they are still visible and well preserved. Stonehenge’s features include the Aubrey Holes, 350 burial mounds, Cursus, Woodhenge, Durrington Walls Henge, Stonehenge Avenue, and West Amesbury Henge. The Aubrey Holes were the first monuments in Stonehenge, built around 3,000 BCE. The Aubrey Holes were 56 pits inside of a circular enclosure formed by a bank and a ditch. Its main purpose was to store cremated ashes of dead bodies. After the Aubrey Holes were made, bluestones and sarsens were dragged from long distances to construct the circular stone monument. The 350 burial mounds were long barrows meant to cremate and bury the dead. The Cursus, built from 3600 to 3400 BCE, were two long earthwork enclosures. Both Woodhenge and Durrington Walls Henge were timber circle monuments built in 2,300 and 2,500 BCE, respectively. Stonehenge Avenue was an ancient road that lead to Stonehenge monument and was built from 2,500 to 1,700 BCE. Finally, West Amesbury Henge was a stone circle monument built in 2,400
Celestial bodies - the sun, moon, planets, and stars - have provided us a reference for measuring the passage of time throughout human existence. Ancient civilizations like: China, India, Babylon, and Greece relied upon the apparent motion of these bodies through the sky to record and determine seasons, months, and years. We know little about the details of timekeeping in prehistoric eras. However, records and artifacts usually uncover that in every culture, people were preoccupied with measuring and recording the passage of time. Stonehenge, built over 4000 years ago in England has no written records, but its alignments show its purposes apparently included the determination of seasonal or celestial events, such as lunar
There are many opinions on Stonehenge for example some people think that Stonehedge was a natural phenomenon that was created by glaciers. However Many believe that people moved the stones , Although limited technology at that time does not support that. Why did they do it? some people believe that the stones were in place for a use of a astronomical calendar. all we really know is Stonehenge is a large stone monument that contains many mysteries we will never be able to fully
The Stonehenge is a distinctive monumental stone that appeared in the late Neolithic period. It is located in Salisbury, White shire, England. The artifact is believed to have been built between 3000 and 1500 BCE. The artifact has artificially shaped stones arranged in a post and lintel
Stonehenge was a stone structure established a long time ago by civilizations before the Druid age. More than 4,000 years ago, the people of the Neolithic period supposedly decided to build a massive monument using earth, timber and eventually, stones.They placed it high on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England about 137 kilometres southwest of London. The purpose to build Stonehenge still remains a mystery. Stonehenge could have been a temple, an astronomical calendar, or a guide to the heavens. Stonehenge acts as a prehistoric timepiece, allowing us to speculate on what it would have been like during the Neolithic Period, and who could have built this megalithic wonder.
They expanded from sounds all the way to the solar system. In all, there were five theories.The first theory is a place for burial. The burials occured in 3000 B.C. Bone fragments were exhumed first from the Stonehenge site. Researchers have dug out more than 50,000 cremated bone fragments from 63 individuals. The second theory is a place for healing. In 2008, archaeologists reported that a large number of skeletons recovered from around Stonehenge showed signs of sickness or injury. They also found fragments of bluestone from Stonehenge and thought ancient people chipped it away by using it as a talisman for protection or healing purposes. The third theory is a soundscape. Steven Waller believes Stonehenge was made to mimic a sound illusion. This is because if two pipers were to play their instruments in the field, it would sound weird because in some spots, the sound waves would cancel each other out and make quiet spots. Since the stones found at Stonehenge made a similar sound, it was believed that Stonehenge was made as a soundscape. The fourth theory is a celestial observatory. Stonehenge may have been built with the sun in mind. In the winter solstice, one avenue connecting the monument with the nearby River Aven aligns with the sun. The monument also faces the summer solstice sunrise. Evidence reveals that pigs were slaughtered at Stonehenge in December and January, insinuating celebrations or rituals around the winter solstice. The last theory is a team building exercise. The making of Stonehenge occurred at a time of increased unity among the people of Britain. Pearson thinks they were inspired by the landscape’s natural beauty which connected the summer solstice sunrise and winter solstice sunrise. He thinks maybe the ancient people came together to work on the monument. “Just the work itself, requiring literally everything to pull together, would have been an act of unification.”Nobody really knows
The “who’s,” “how’s,” and “why’s” behind this majestic monument are based on many (usually conflicting) myths, guesstimates, and theories. As a result, we have no definite answers for the probing questions about Stonehenge’s existence. However, each theory grants the Neolithic monument its character and mystique, as well as society’s best guesses as to its true origin and purpose. Therefore, I shall proceed to discuss both the fantastical and probable theories behind the mystery of Stonehenge.
No place has generated so much speculation and wild theories as the standing stones of Stonehenge. After traveling for miles through the rolling hills and plains of the English countryside the sight of this unusual structure made me gasp. A walk around it only provoked more strange feelings. There's a sense that this is something very important. For over 5000 years it has stood silent vigil over the
Stonehenge, erected around 2500-1600 B.C.E. by tens of thousands of labor workers, represents the peaceful coming together of east and west Britain. It is thought to be a cultural, spiritual, historical, and a sacrificial center. Many experts believe Stonehenge may have also been a burial site for the elite. Located in Wiltshire, United Kingdom, it is believed that 3 separate tribes are responsible from building what is known as Stonehenge. The Windmill people around 2500 B.C.E., the Beaker people around 2000 B.C.E., and the Wessex people around 1600 B.C.E. Today, Stonehenge is the most famous megalithic site in the world, attracting more than 800,000 visitors. Stonehenge uses color, material, and shape, as well as pattern, balance, and emphasis, in order