When Mental Health Problems, Otherwise Known As Psychopathology,

1510 WordsMay 12, 20177 Pages
When mental health problems, otherwise known as psychopathology, are diagnosed or determined, a path to understanding and healing can take place for the person suffering. However, there are many different approaches for psychological therapy. Most of these approaches view mental health illnesses as a normal and adaptive reaction to stressful or difficult conditions in one’s life (Davey, 2011). Another aspect most psychological approaches to psychopathology have in common is, their view that mental illness is caused by how one understands their experiences, and then how it is reflected in one’s thinking and behavior (Davey, 2011). The two approaches we will focus on are behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavioral and cognitive therapies…show more content…
This means that mental illness is caused by our own thinking of unrealistic beliefs, that are put into place in certain situations. Our thoughts can influence our feelings; the triggered emotional response that we have, to an environment or situation, is due to the interpretation we have of that environment or situation (Mujik.biz, n.d). For example, anxiety may be caused by the development of unrealistic beliefs, like the thought of how a person must be loved by everyone (Davey, 2011). This thought is unrealistic, because it is impossible to control others emotions, thus depleting the possibility of being loved by everyone. Now that we know how behavioral and cognitive models explain psychopathology, we can explore how each of these models use different therapies to help with the treatment of mental health problems. Behavioral therapy focuses on two main principles, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. (Davey, 2011). The first main principle is, classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is defined as, “the learning of an association between two stimuli, the first of which predicts the occurrence of the second” (Davey, 2011, p.26). A good example of classical conditioning is Pavlov’s dog; Pavlov conditioned his dog to salivate when he rang a bell, by associating the bell with food. The dog then would salivate to the sound of the bell even if there was no food (“Difference Between,”
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