When the Spanish arrived at the Incan borders in 1528, the Incan empire spanned a great distance,
700 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
When the Spanish arrived at the Incan borders in 1528, the Incan empire spanned a great distance, from Ancs Maya, Blue River, in Southern Columbia to the Maule River in Chile. The Inca Empire originated from a tribe based in Cuzco under the rule of Pachacuti, the Incan leader from 1438 to 1471/1472, Cuzco soon ended up being the capital of the Empire. Pachacuti’s would later rule the empire.
The Inca believed that harmony between the relationships of the human being, nature and gods was truly essential. They had multiple gods, but the main god was Viracocha, the Inca even considered their emperors as demi-gods. They had several sacred objects and locations. The Vilcanota or Wilcamayu, the “Sacred River” which is a section of the Urubamba…show more content…
On the 16th of November 1532, while the natives were in a celebration in Cajamarca, the Spanish captured Atahualpa by surprise during the ensuing battle. When Huáscar was killed, the Spanish tried and convicted Atahualpa of the murder, executing him by strangulation.
After the Spanish had risen to power and Atahualpa was executed, several of Atahualpa’s generals started rebelling against the Spanish. Quizquiz defended Cuzco from the Spaniards and Ruminahui burned Quito instead of letting it fall into the enemies hands. Nevertheless, the Spanish remained in power and within two years, they seemed to be in firm control. However, one of the Incas the Spanish had enthroned was plotting against them. Manco Inca Yupanqui, one of Atahualpas and Huáscars many brothers, led over 100,000 Incan warriors in an attack against the Spanish in 1536. He besieged Cuzco for more than six months and killed one of the Pizarro brothers before he was forced away by Spanish reinforcements. He managed to escape and formed a rebel colony in the mountains, which was not conquered by the Spanish for almost 40 years. During this time the Spanish were destroying sacred lands, sacred objects, however they did not find the mountain city, Machu Picchu.
After the conquest ended, 93%of the Inca population had died, according to Wikipedia, mainly from smallpox and measles, the rest of the Inca were killed by the Spanish.
The conquering of Peru by the Spanish can be compared to