While Children’S Delinquency Has Been Tied To A Wide Variety

1029 WordsMay 11, 20175 Pages
While children’s delinquency has been tied to a wide variety of factors, ranging from personality, impulsivity, and intelligence to socioeconomic and community influences, family circumstances are consistently identified in both the research literature and the popular media as one of the leading predictors of delinquent behaviors (Farrington 2007). Before the nineteenth century, misbehavior and crime were defined so consistently in individualistic terms as a moral failure of the individual and that the influence of the family was not singled out for examination (FitzPatrick & Martin 1968). Many of the challenges most children face is due to not having their parents at home with them. One of the many reasons for parents being separated from…show more content…
Due to this drastic increase, parental incarceration has become a growing problem that contributes to the delinquent behavior of a child once they are taken away. There are higher rates of delinquency and a greater variety of delinquent activities occurring among children with histories of parental incarceration. Children who experience their parents being incarcerated are typically of a minority. A developmental effect can occur when a child’s parent is not present in the home with them for a long period of time. Family disruption and antisocial behavior developed from child-parent separation is explained by Farrington (2007) in three major classes of theories relating to the two: Trauma theories suggest that the loss of a parent has a damaging effect on a child, most commonly because of the effect on attachment to the parent. Life course theories focus on separation as a sequence of stressful experiences and on the effects of multiple stressors such as parental conflict, parental loss, reduced economic circumstances, changes in parent figures, and poor-child rearing methods. Selection theories argue that disrupted families produce delinquent children because of pre-existing differences from other families in risk factors such as parental conflict, criminal or antisocial parents, low-family income, or poor-child rearing methods. Parental incarceration has an independent effect on a child’s behavior, social stigma, academic performance

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