While Years Of Consistent Institutional Design Have Allowed

1784 WordsMar 16, 20178 Pages
While years of consistent institutional design have allowed for the easy creation of new parties over the years, they have not always been a vehicle for widespread support that is necessary for mass representation. These parties need additional support to rise in popularity; ERPs are gaining this support. As Greven notes, “In the United Kingdom, the UK independence Party (UKIP), founded in 1993, has been consistent in its anti-EU and anti-immigration message and is now profiting from changed public opinion.” The same is true with the National Front party in France, now predicted to win the first round of France’s presidential election. The major social factors across Europe that are leading to this rise in ERP popularity are separatist…show more content…
However, these sentiments are not limited to these countries. As Europe is connected by mostly open borders in the Schengen Area and shared media, “Islamophobia works without Muslims” (Marks et al.; SETA 7). Countries with relatively low Muslim populations still blame increases in crime as well as other negative social development impacts on Muslims (SETA). ERPs, even before this most recent rise in anti-foreign sentiments, were as culturally homogenous groups and proponents of anti-immigration (Greven). While this anti-immigration sentiment was not previously directed at any one group, a perceived threat began in 2001, with the terrorist attacks in New York, and only intensified in Europe with the Charlie Hebdo attack in France and the attacks across Europe since then (SETA). Given the political flexibility of not being coalition oriented, ERPs were easily able to absorb this Islamophobia sentiment into their platforms, highlighting the dangers of immigration they had touted all along. As they were not majorities in governments, they were able to point to centrist parties, those in power, as being weak and blamed them for the violence (Greven). Social Development and the Political Establishment This blaming of the centrist governments in
Open Document