White Collar Crime Theories, Laws, and Processes

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White Collar Crime Theories, Laws, and Processes
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Date Submitted White Collar Crime Theories, Laws, and Processes: The term white collar crime was first introduced by Edwin Sutherland, a criminologist and sociologist, in 1939. The criminologist defined the term as offenses committed by individuals of respectability and high social status while in their different occupations. He also included criminal offenses carried out by corporations and other lawful organizations in the description. The criminologists' perspective of white collar crime was fueled by the perception that criminology had wrongly focused on the social and economic factors of crime. Therefore, one of the major theories behind white collar crime is that criminal activities are carried out at all levels in the society and by people of broadly divergent socio-economic backgrounds. However, the definition of white collar crime by this criminologist has become relatively obsolete for many students of criminal law. This is largely because the activities are not only conducted by people of high social status but also those from divergent backgrounds. The other theory behind this type of criminal activities is that deception is used as the means for conducting the activities. For the purposes of legal theory, white collar crime appears to be better approached as a family resemblance instead of type category (Green, 2005). This is mainly because this type of crime primarily refers to
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