White Supremacy And The Civil War

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The Dictionary of American History, defines White Supremacy as “the belief that members of the Caucasian or white race are superior in all ways to other groups or races in the world” The ideology supports the position that, intellectually whites are superior and by virtue of that superiority must form the Government and lead other races, who were thought of as less than humans and existed only to serve the whites. White Supremacy is the foundation upon which the United States was built. It is manifested in all the important areas throughout the country’s history. For instance, “the United States Government has a total of 55 members; all white and 15 of the 55 are owners of African slaves” . “No blacks, or other minority races were included in the formation of the Government. Only one person of color has ever been elected to the US Government” . The Civil War acted as the catalyst for change for African Americans. The war was fought between the Northern States (Union) and Southern States (Confederates) of the United States. The war was fought on many fronts, one of which was how to deal with slavery. The North advocated for total eradication and the South wanted to retain their slave ownership. The North prevailed and “President Abraham Lincoln offered his conciliatory plan for reunification of the United States with his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction.” This victory held special significance for the African Americans as it signaled the start of a new era.
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