Why A Training Manual Is Necessary

Better Essays
Part I: Foundational Training

Component 1: Introduction to Topic (approximately 4-7 pages)
1. Identify the purpose of the document itself.
a. Narrative describing why a training manual is necessary (remember, this manual is for the trainer. All of the support documents are for the trainees but this manual is written for the trainer (who should be credentialed but may not have recently reviewed these materials).
b. Narrative describing how the manual should be used
c. Identifying qualifications of individuals providing training
i. This should include credentials, availability, previous experience with treatment, etc.
d. Training objectives (what they should learn in objective and measurable terms)

Because some direct care staff members
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An overview of the evidence of generality
f. Practical applications (this should lead nicely into the rest of your manual)


Two of the most commonly used interventions in the field of ABA are Functional Communication Training and Errorless Learning. Both have the same outcome: reducing specific problem behaviors. Though they are different procedures in nature, when used together, FCT and Errorless Learning are a powerful intervention for a child who needs help communicating and doing it correctly.

Many individuals with autism learn to communicate through behavior when a communication system is not in place or functional for them. One way to help non-verbal individuals with autism who exhibit behavior problems is though FCT. Functional Communication Training (FCT) is a method in which individuals are taught to communicate using another mode (possibly PECS, signing, verbal language, etc). FCT decreases problem behavior while targeting a communication skill and providing continued access to the original function (Geiger, 2010). An alternate behavior must be found for the individual to use to achieve the same outcome.

In order to effectively reduce problem behavior, the newly taught alternate behavior should require less response effort, have a denser schedule of reinforcement, and have a shorter delay to reinforcement than the problem behavior (Horner & Day, 1991). Prompting of the replacement
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