Why Babies Are Born Too Early Or Too Small

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Problems can arise when babies are born too early or too small. Normally a baby spends about 38 weeks developing before being born. Babies born before the 36th week after conception are called preterm or premature. When this occurs, it is imperative to have a long-term plan in place that is directed towards boosting the overall health and development of a preterm, low birth weight baby. It is crucial to be prepared for the first year or so, as this is when premature infants often lag behind full-term infants in many facets of development. This plan should include educational activities for the baby as well as various tests and other measures that will evaluate the baby’s progress. Finally, in order to maintain a sense of trust between the…show more content…
The NICU can be an overwhelming atmosphere as there are so many monitors and ample amount of equipment. The hospital staff uses this equipment to record the baby’s heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and temperature. A premature baby may have a small, soft feeding tube placed through the nose of mouth into the stomach. If the infant is having breathing problems, a tube may be placed into the trachea in order to have a ventilator help the baby breathe. Depending on the baby’s progress, they may need a less severe treatment such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with small tubes in the nose instead of the windpipe or they may only need extra oxygen. Preterm infants need to stay in the NICU until they are able to breath without extra support, eat by mouth, and maintain body temperature and body weight. Special training programs are designed for parents of infants and young children. During these programs, parents learn to respond appropriately to their child’s behavior. Research shows that a helpful technique for caring for a premature baby is called Kangaroo Care. Kangaroo care is a technique where the premature baby is placed in an upright position on its mother’s bare chest allowing tummy to tummy contact that positions the baby between the mother’s breasts. The baby’s head is turned so that its ear is positioned above the mother’s heart. Many studies have shown that Kangaroo care
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