Why Crimes Are Committed

969 Words4 Pages
The focus of Samuel Walker 's "Sense and Nonsense About Crime and Drugs" is crime reduction strategies. Some that work, and others that, as the title implies, are nonsense. The fifth edition of the "Criminology" textbook discusses a wide variety of criminal justice aspects, including; who commits crime and why; the history of studying crime and various attempts at reducing and dealing with crime. Criminology is, in essence, the study of why people omit crimes. In some instances, the two books agree, in others, they do not. Throughout the United States and internationally, many different efforts have been made to understand and combat crime. Some of these attempts are basic and seem commonsense, some are more drastic. An example is…show more content…
Another myth presented in Walker 's book is that many habitual drunk drivers "beat the system". This assumes that the criminal justice system does not adequately deal with the violators and that a few individuals represent all of society 's drunk drivers (Criminology 119). These statements fail to address the totality of the facts. In reality, almost 60% of those killed in alcohol related accidents are the drunk drivers themselves, and another 20% are their passengers Criminology 119). It has been determined by Walkers point of view to be nearly impossible to determine who will be the drunk drivers based on their records, since most do not have previous records. Some deterrents for drinking and driving that are mentioned in the Criminology text are giving the proceeds from a drunk drivers car forfeiture to victims of his crime, "branding" drunk drivers with bright orange license plates, reducing the time that bars can serve alcohol and their "happy hours", as well as making bartenders liable for any damages caused due to over serving customers (Criminology 369). As for the system being too lenient on drunk drivers, that is not substantiated. There are heavy mandatory minimum fines, automatic license suspension and possible jail time as consequences. "Sense and Nonsense" mentions deterrents involving short term stings and "crackdowns" where officers are allowed to administer a breathalyzer to any vehicle they choose.
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