So many of the people at that time would travel two the Middle East, East Africa and in Southeast Asia through the use of monsoons which would happen frequently in the Indian subcontinent. The vast subcontinent begins to see the emergence of different states and as we also begin to see the emergence of different religions such as Brahmin Jainism and Hinduism. In the Indus River Valley we begin to see that the city-state's are being formed into kingdoms and Empires. For example the kingdom of Magadha was one of the main reasons why Mauryan Empire was established is because Chandragupta maurya took control from the kingdom of Magadha. The Indus Valley Civilization end many of those who settled on the subcontinent of India flourished because climate and resources any world large populations of humans to be able to live on the subcontinent. All in all the Southeast Asian kingdoms of the Indian subcontinent were able to flourish because the land provided them with the right resources to be able to live and religions and cultural influences were synthesized and as a result the diversity of religion and culture were across the
Many civilizations fail due to human's activity. A famous example would be the Easter Island who failed to see the long-term effects they had on their island. But other civilizations decline is not directly related to human activity.
The Neolithic Revolution was the major change in human life caused by the beginnings of farming. This revolution changed people’s lives in several ways. It changed the way people lived because before the Neolithic Revolution they relied on hunting and gathering food. It also changed the way they settled, because of this revolution they were able to live in villages for a long time, unlike before; they had to relocate often because their food source would become scarce. The way civilizations lived changed because of the Neolithic Revolution. A civilization is a form of culture that consists of cities, advanced technology, specialized workers, complex institutions, and record keeping. The early river valley civilizations; which developed in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus, and China, had more similarities than differences. The river valley civilizations were similar when it came to their writing systems, inventions, and geography. However, they were also different when it came to writing systems and inventions.
The Maya weren't an empire, but they were a civilization. One known for their extraordinary achievements, such as the Mayan calendar. There wasn't a single factor alone, that caused the end of the Maya civilizations. There are many factors that could have caused the fall of the Mayas. One theory is that increased warfare caused the end of the "Classic Maya Age". Another theory was that the region suffered from a long dry period, & drought. This would have caused a shortage of food & water. And finally, the demands of the Mayan kings, could have caused the people in the city-states to rebell.
How can a civilization that has been so powerful for a thousand years suddenly decline? This civilization was Rome. Rome was a Republic for five hundred years, and a Empire for five hundred years. During this time Rome did amazing achievements that we still use to this day. The Romans made buildings out of concrete, Olympics, drama plays, an arch , an a collision which we call a studium, their Empire expanded as far east as India.
The Mayans were a unique civilization with the most sophistication in mesoamerica (1800 BC-250 AD). In this civilization, the major cities include Tikal and Chichen Itza, however independent city-states are run by, kings. Mayans had a polytheistic religion where they believed in afterlife. In addition, Mayans built temples, pyramids for sacrifices, and bloodletting. Yet, they were excellent astronomers. Here priests charted movements of planets, moon, and sun. Also, these distinctive people created calendars, developed a number system, and glyphic writing. Withal their economy was based on agriculture and trade. Nevertheless, what caused this great civilization to collapse? While analyzing the theories, I believe this civilization collapsed, due to: warfare, disease, famine, and disaster/ environmental change.
The early Mayan civilization had lowly beginnings. They rose to remarkable heights in a seemingly inhospitable land. As Maya scholar Arthur Demarest said “Such a civilization, had no business there.” The Mayans had to battle with torrential rain in the rainy season, and when the weather turned hot, it scorched the land and their water supplies would plummet. They were always faced with floods or drought. They were probably forced here due to overcrowding from other tribes. But nonetheless they began to conquer these threats as they learned advanced farming techniques to make the shallow earth fertile. They burned and cleared jungle to make room for their agriculture, particularly maize. They then began the process of crop rotation, long before anyone else. As the Mayan civilization began its steady uprising they began to redouble their efforts, they started composting, cultivating, they built irrigation systems and began to terrace the landscape to make farming more efficient and prevent erosion. They dammed rivers and flooded swamplands and marshes to create rich farmland. They instituted transport systems to move fertile silt and mud from lowlands to higher enclosed gardens and farms and created man made lakes and ponds that they used to fish and systems of corrals held wild game. They maximized their talents and squeezed out enough nourishment to support their population which had risen to several million people.
The Maya civilization is a renowned part of history, as it is remembered for its delicate and detailed culture filled with alluring architecture and arts. Not only this, but the Maya civilization is also memorable for their astronomical and mathematical skills (Demarest 2004, Sharer & Traxler 2006, Houston & Inomata 2009). Yet, despite their flourishing agriculture, economy and political state, the Classic Maya society met their demise in the 9th century (Willey et al. 1967, Culbert 1973). Paleoclimatologists and archaeologists come together to better understand the circumstances which brought the end of the Classic Maya civilization, creating a variety of arguments which would explain so. Although many reasons are presented to explain the
A number of complex and enduring empires have dominated large parts of Afro Eurasia, and Meso-America. Among these were the Han Empire in China, the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean Basin, and the Maya in Meso-America. These empires had wealth, power, and they are a vast size, but they all suffered their unfortunate collapse. There are multiple factors that contribute to the collapse of these empires such as warfare, taxes, the environment, problems with the government, religion, and shortage of resources like food and water. The reasons for the collapse of the Han and the Mayan empires are very similar. However, there are also some striking differences of the reasons why these empires collapsed.
A Civilization improves people’s lives in comparison to the Neolithic Society as it shows an advanced step into a social development and human society. The Neolithic Age which began around 8,000 B.C.E could be possibly describe as the greatest single change in human history, this is probably because everything really revolves around it in our society now. As said by William Howells, Back of History, Doubleay Co. “It was dramatic, but long after, in its consequences, because everything else we have achieved flowed out of this as a beginning…” During the time of the Neolithic Revolution, people had to set up temporary camps to live there for a while until the food begin to dwindle as starvation was one step away with the weather changes and the animal migration! With the time passing by, they were able to develop agriculture and with that people were able to farm instead of hunting and gathering which lead to population expansion thus this is when a Civilization begin. With a Civilization, the people within the society sets forth a form of government standard and a writing language.
Unlike that of China, the decline of Rome was much more upsetting having a much larger impact on the surrounding world. The Decline and fall of the Mediterranean and Chinese civilizations was a result of population decrease, weak government, a frail economy, and invasion. The causes of the imperial collapse in Rome and Greece(The Mediterranean region)with the causes of imperial collapse in the East Asia during the period 600 BCE toward 600 CE has had an remarkable achievements but those same achievements have caused them into decline. A combination of these causes sparked the slow decline of these once great empires..
The word “collapse” has a number of connotations associated with it. Some view it exclusively the degradation of societies of the highest order. Others see it as the complete disintegration of economic prospects and commerce. Some even think of it political ruin with the demise of states and ruling factions that maintain order. The most general definition for collapse can includes elements from these three viewpoints. American anthropologist and historian Joseph A. Tainter is best known for his writings on societal collapses. In 1988 he published his most widely recognized work, The Collapse of Complex Societies.
The decline of Mesopotamia was most likely caused by the the creation of the first territorial kingdom which relied on the poorest people to pay taxes, provide labor, and serve in the army. The poorest people due to performing all the hard labor, most likely despised their king which caused them to welcome nomadic invaders. Moreover, the territorial kingdom caused kings to try and extend their power outside of cities. Also, the shift in power from god to king's most likely caused the decline.
Rome, one of the largest and longest lasting empire to have controlled what we know to be Western Europe. As extravagant as the empire was, it did not easily and just as the saying goes; “the bigger they are, the harder they fall.” Having lasted a little over 1,100 years with the exchanging of multiple good (and bad) emperors, the era was considered that of Pax Romana (200 years of Roman Peace). The Romans had introduced new laws, combining their own with the Greeks, and setting basis for today’s law practices. These practices, however, also became a large portion of why the Empire had declined. By the ending of Roman rule, he question as to why their empire had declined was in heat. The cause? Legal injustice,