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Why Did Germany Fight In World War 1

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Section A: Question 1 At the end of World War I, the sole responsibility of initiating the conflict fell on Germany. With the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany took the blame and agreed to pay for reparations. However, the origin of the war was not the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Rather, the origins were nationalism, the creation of entangling alliances, the conflict in the Balkans, and the economic and imperialistic rivalries in Europe. These factors created the right conditions for war to occur. However, the responsibility of initiating conflict can be placed on Austria-Hungary. Although Austria-Hungary can be blamed for initiating the conflict, the origins of the war began with the rise of nationalism.…show more content…
Jean-Jacques Becker and Gerd Krumeich state that the attack on the Archduke would provide Austria-Hungary’s “political and military leaders with a convenient reason for dealing conclusively with the Serbian threat.” It was Austria-Hungary whom sent an ultimatum that they knew Serbia would not agree to. They did this knowingly, counting on Serbia to reject the ultimatum. Austria-Hungary took Serbia’s one reservation to the ultimatum as a declaration of war. Additionally, they are the reason why Germany became involved in the conflict. Although Germany provided Austria-Hungary a blank check, it was Austria-Hungary who decided that they would begin a conflict with Serbia. Austria-Hungary is ultimately whom should be held responsible for initiating World War I. Nationalism, economic and imperialistic rivalries, the conflict in the Balkans, and entangling alliances set the stage for conflict. However, it was Austria-Hungary who initiated the fighting. If they would have not been looking for conflict with Serbia, maybe the war would have not occurred in 1914. It was the right set of…show more content…
The short-term consequences were the disintegration of the relationship between France and Britain and the development of a relationship between Britain and the United States. This also led to the involvement of the Soviet Union, Japan, and Italy in World War II. However, the long-term consequences were that it accelerated the rise of the super powers, it helped Western Europe recover some influence after World War II, it created a strong relationship between the U.S. and Britain, and it helped give rise to anti-colonial war movements. The first consequence created by the fall of France in 1940, was the disintegration of the Anglo-French relationship. England along with the rest of Europe believed that France would be able to stand German invasion. However, this was not the case and France fell in six weeks. This caused tensions between France and England which led to the collapse of their alliance in 1940 because there was “bitter mutual recrimination about French ineptitude and British treachery…” The breakdown of this relationship, led Britain to look for allies outside of Europe and found one in America. Britain pushed for a closer relationship with the U.S. and this alliance seemed to be more natural for the British. After all the U.S. spoke the same language, were a former colony of Britain and “a special relationship with the
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