Another major difference between the two colonies was their religious views. The New England colony did not agree with The Church and decided to start their own more pure way of religion in the New World, hence the name Puritans, this was one of the main reasons they embarked on a journey to America (DOC D). The freedom of religion was a promised attribute that England used as part of their propaganda to lure people over to America. The Chesapeake Bay settlers still followed the way of The Church and did not intend to purify themselves in any way. As shown in the documents God was more important to the New England colonists than he was to the Chesapeake Bay colonists. The New England colonists mention how they will incorporate God into their lives in almost every document that they have written. Contrary to that the Chesapeake Bay colonists are not forming their lives around religion they are trying to make a life in the New World for the sole purpose of becoming wealthy and could care less about their religion.
During the seventeenth century, colonial America was welcoming many newcomers, several from England. Quantities of these newcomers were seeking land for economic purposes as others were longing for religious toleration. Many of the English colonists settled in the New England region for religious freedoms, to escape the English king, and leave adversaries of other religions behind. Settlers who resided in the Middle Atlantic region were affected differently. Although the Middle Atlantic was more
The New England colonies consisted of puritans who wanted to purify the church because the Church in England was corrupt. They wanted a place where they could worship freely and work together to
By 1763, although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. The Anglican Church was the only established denomination in England. In contrast, the colonies supported a great variety of churches.
New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, while people who immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious motives. As a result, New England formed a much more religious society then the Chesapeake region. John Winthrop states that their goal was to form "a city upon a hill", which represented a "pure"
Unlike the Chesapeake, the New England colonies were greatly interested in their long-term colonization efforts. A man by the name of John Winthrop led the Puritans, which composed the New England colonies. He believed that their colony was “a city on the hill,” as described in the book of Matthew. The Puritans were a fervent religious colony, where the church was never disputed. There were some historical cases when the Puritan people would speak out and therefore speak out against the church; the story of Anne Hutchinson was just such a case. She held weekly meetings in her home where her and her husband would interpret the bible for their followers. In addition she noted that not all the clergy would be saved and attacked many of their teachings. She was banished and took her husband and seven kids to Road Island where religion was not as strict. The New England colonies survived on exporting lumber, grain and the production of ships. The Puritans wanted to be the model society; they did
In the seventeenth century, religious persecution ran rampant throughout Europe. In attempt to escape the oppression, many fled to less critical countries and territories. One of the popular refuges was colonial America. Settling in the north, these religious refugees made up a majority in the New England population, endeavoring to use it to form their Ideal society. They could use the new land to implement a new civilization reflective of their beliefs.
The role of religion in the colonies of New England and the Spanish were incredibly different. Both the Spanish that fled and the New England colonists that fled from England fled from the church, but the English that fled wanted to change the Church completely and the Spaniards were fleeing from the religious conflict between the Catholics and the Muslims. In the New England colonies, the colonists had Anglican beliefs. The colonists were split into mainly two groups, the Separatists and the Puritans. The Separatists wanted to split from the Roman Catholic Church (Anglican
They had strong belief that god expected them to create and thrive in Christian Communities in the New World. In doc 1 John Winthrop shows this by saying that by them not fulfilling their mission “We shall open the mouths of enemies to speak evil of the ways of God,...”. The settlers of Chesapeake had similar but in a sense completely different goals as they were there to better their economic situation as referred to in document 5 “no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold”.
These two regions of the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies did in truth share the common fact that their settlers were all of English origin. But when they first set sail, even before they reached the New World, they began to separate into two distinctly different societies. Both sides each were looking for something different, while one side might be looking for just trade and wealth while the other side sought religious tolerance. Both sides rarely talked to each other about the same things due to the fact on how they were different from the beginning, because of this
New England was started for the search of religious freedom from persecution. England’s government required a strict attendance to the Anglican church. If a
The English men and women joined the ventures in hopes to better their own life or that of their families. Another reason some joined the venture was that they hoped to be able to freely practice their own religion in the Americas. “The opportunity to worship according to their own beliefs in America may have been a major incentive for some settlers to join White’s venture” (Horn 133). Most of the settlers that White was recruiting were people that he knew or people that he was recruiting knew. “At least a third of the settlers were related to other members of the group” (Horn 130). The settlers represented many different kinds of groups. A group that they represented was the Puritans. “There is a strong possibility that some of the London colonists were Puritans. London was at the heart of the English Puritan movement after the restoration of the Protestant church in 1558” (Horn 131). They also had a middle class background. “Most of the colony’s ruling group came from respectable middle-class backgrounds” (Horn 126). By settling in the Roanoke Colony they hoped to achieve a better life for themselves or their families back home.
Religious beliefs had its role in making the colonies different from one another. The Anglican religion, which included the Baptists and Presbyterians faiths, didn't have an everyday effect on the way the southerners lived there
Religion was a very important part of everyday life in colonial America. Sometimes people were not allowed to question what they were taught, and if they did so they were punished accordingly. Before 1700 some colonies had more religious freedom then others. While others colonies only allowed religious freedom to a select group, others allowed religious freedom to all different kinds of religions. In the overall there was quite a bit of religious freedom in colonial America
Humble notes that, "The Restoration Movement began in America about 1800, nearly 200 years after the first English settlements in the New World." (Humble 1). The New World was very diverse religiously compared to Europe where Catholicism was prominent. The author goes on to list several of the main religious groups that colonized the New World. Anglicanism became the state-church in Virginia, and Maryland was mostly Catholic. In Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Hampshire