Why Did the French Lose the Indo-Chinese War? Essay

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The role of the French in the Indo-Chinese war could be characterized as a desperate attempt to maintain control over their colonies in Asia. For the uninitiated, in the aftermath of the Second World War, the majority of European powers, which were inclusive of Britain and Germany, had relinquished their colonies, deeming them as distracting burdens. On the contrary, the French were still adamant that the possession of colonies would give the nation much desired power and status. From December 19, 1946 to August 1, 1954, the French were engaged in a brutal, grueling and ultimately unsuccessful campaign in Vietnam. The catalyst for conclusion of the war was the demoralizing and humiliating defeat of the French at the short-lived battle of…show more content…
On the contrary, communist China and the Soviet Union wanted Vietnam to be victorious, as this would advance the spread of communism. Both China and the Soviet Union recognized Ho Chi Minh as the leader of Vietnam and sent him countless supplies and materials. For example, 2000 Chinese and Soviet Union military advisors were sent to Vietnam to train the Viet Minh guerrilla force, and transform it into an even more effective and vicious army. An even more direct example of how this contributed to the French losing the Indo-Chinese war could be the involvement of the Chinese at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. China sent two artillery battalions at the siege of Dien Bien Phu on May 6, 1954. One operated 12 x 6 Katyusha rockets, which were used effectively to aid the defeat of the French at the battle, which ultimately advanced their retreat. The abundance of support from the Chinese and Soviets was one of the primary factors influencing the defeat of the French, without their continuous support, it is likely that the combined French and American efforts would have provided enough momentum and force to defeat the Viet Minh. Broadly speaking, it was the involvement of the USSR and China secured the success of the Viet Minh, against powerful French forces.
The Vietnamese were not willing to give in too easily, under the leadership of the influential Ho Chi Min. The Vietnamese were aware that the French had previously lost their
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