Why Do People Do Volunteer Work

5924 Words May 7th, 2013 24 Pages
HRPYC81
PROJECT 4809
Assignment 2

What motivates people to do volunteer work?

MJ SCRIVEN

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LITERATURE REVIEW

There are almost as many reasons for getting involved in volunteer work as there are volunteers. Once people get started, they find that their deepest rewards are ones they didn't expect when they first came looking for a volunteer assignment. Participants entered the volunteer world through ads in the paper, articles in the media and invitations by friends. They wanted to get involved in a new community, they overheard someone talking about a need or they just wanted to be active. Some wanted to repay a perceived debt to society and others took up volunteer work as part of a major reassessment of
…show more content…
In the field of psychology, the functional approach to understanding altruism is the predominant one. Central to this approach is that people engage in various activities for purposeful, goal-oriented reasons (Fletcher and Major 2004:110). Related to the functional approach is the Volunteer Functions Inventory, created by Clary et al. (1998), which is based on the functional approach to understanding altruism. A functional perspective towards motivations to volunteer is chiefly concerned with the “why” of volunteerism (Whitt 2006:10).

Understanding these reasons for volunteering, is important and could give us concrete answers as to why people would participate in long-term volunteering. The issue of sufficient support networks for people in need is very important. It has a very crucial role to play in the well-being of people. We all need support when we are going through difficult times and knowing that there is someone there for you, someone who cares, can make all the difference in the world.

RESEARCH RATIONALE

This research is being conducted to investigate volunteer motivation, satisfactions and dissatisfactions. As is stated by Becsi et al (2008), much of the literature in the social sciences focuses on predicting volunteering behaviour with underlying theories of resources availability.