Why Do People Hurt Themselves?

1047 Words Jan 30th, 2018 4 Pages
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a less extreme version of self-mutilation than suicide, but still inhibits the life of those possessing it. Matthew Nock (2009) of Harvard University reveals the definition, functions, factors, and causes of NSSI, along with what he believes should be further researched.
NSSI is the action of intentionally causing damage to one’s own body without the desire to kill him or her self. Harmful actions that are performed without the purpose of self-harm are not classified as NSSI, such as smoking, tattoos, and body piercings. Though not very common, NSSI has had a rise, especially in adolescents. 13 to 23% of adolescents report NSSI, compared to 1 to 4% of adults. However, some think adults may report NSSI less due to being in denial. Some theories of why people engage in NSSI include gaining control over urges for sex or death, manipulating other people, impulsiveness, and low self-esteem. The risk of NSSI is further increased by child abuse and psychiatric disorders. Many have theorized NSSI as a symptom of a psychotic disorder, but NSSI is associated with too many disorders for it to be a considered a symptom.
According to the functional approach, behavior is formed by its direct causes and results. Though this approach can’t account for all of the factors that influence this behavior, the functional perspective…

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