Why Does Plato Considers Ordinary Human Existence to Thatos Chained Prisoners in a Cave

1618 Words Dec 17th, 2012 7 Pages
WHY DOES PLATO COMPARE ORDINARY HUMAN EXISTENCE TO THAT OF CHAINED PRISONERS IN A CAVE? Plato in his famous Allegory of Cave compared the ordinary human existence to that of chained prisoners in a cave. According to Plato, we are all stuck in a false reality in this world like prisoners in a cave. His cave theory still applies today in the sense that the people are influenced and controlled by the world around them. They do not want to realize or seek the truth; instead they wish to live in the comfort zone inside the cave. THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE: PLATO, REPUBLIC. Plato assumed the existence of human life in a cave. In his view, human beings are tied as prisoners in a cave and they could only see the shadows of real …show more content…
Why we are living with shadows? Whether we are all ignorant? Or we are all lazy enough to find out the reality? Or we are slaves of these shadows? Is everything we saw are lies, then what is the real truth? Is knowledgeable realm, form of good is the last thing to be seen? According to Plato, the shadows inside the cave are “illusion”. Buddha’s first expression of enlightment was “all is illusion” .All Buddhist practices aimed at disabusing a person of their illusions. Presently Buddhism teaches to pierce through the two veils of illusion, which are conflicting emotions and false beliefs about reality. Everything is illusion in this world. According to Advaita school of Vedanta, Brahman is the only reality; the appearance of dualities and differences in this world is a superimposition on Brahman, called Maya. Maya is the illusionary and creative aspect of Brahman. Advaita accepts Plato’s view on reality. Everything inside the cave is shadows and are false realities. These are temporary. Likewise everything in this world is illusion and is temporary. According to Buddhism, ‘reflection of yourself’ is enlightment. Reflection means finding answers for ‘Who am I?’ ‘Why am I here?’ ‘Where do I go after death?’ ‘What will I be?’But Plato’s view is that knowing reality is enlightment. Reality means form of good. Mahayana Sutra says; “The truth was never preached by the Buddha, seeing that

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