Why Hong Kong Is a Consultative Government in the First Half of the 20th Century

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Historian G.B. Endacott thought that the Hong Kong government was a consultative government. The definition of a consultative government is that it consults people’s opinions and listens to them. The features of a consultative Government are that it establishes communication between local associations, asks and listen to opinion of people, asks for opinion and support in decisions making, sets up advisory bodies to collect opinions and set up departments to consult people’s opinions. To a large extent, I agree that the Hong Kong government was a consultative government in the first half of the 20th century. To a small extent, I don’t agree that the Hong Kong government was a consultative government in the 20th century. In the following…show more content…
The Heung Yee Kuk N.T. acted as a statutory advisory body concerning the New Territories. It assisted the government in settling disputes and mediating between the two sides and helped expressing the inhabitants’ opinions to the government and represented them in negotiations, fighting for their rights and interests. Fifth, the Hong Kong government set up department to consult people’s opinions. The Hong Kong government relied on the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs to establish communication with the Chinese people. The department was established in 1913. It carried out different functions, involving it in almost all Chinese matters, like receiving complaints from the Chinese and mediated and settled their disputes. It helped the government in knowing the local Chinese people well. It assisted the government in liaising with Chinese associations so that it can understand the public opinions. The department provided the government with information of the Chinese, for example, the Chinese custom and religious belief, and helped explaining the policies to the public. It helped the government to gain better understanding from the Chinese, especially before the Second World War. To a smaller extent, I don’t agree that Hong Kong was a consultative government. First, the Governor was the core of the government at that time. He owned enormous power, including the executive power, legislative power, appointment power and some other powers. The Governor can
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