Why Horses Were Used During The Civil War

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After reading the Tucker diary, I became extremely interested in how animals, specifically horses, were being used during the Civil War. In Tucker’s diary there is a page where it appears he is taking inventory of the horses with him. I noticed that one of the tallies is crossed out, and this made me wonder what sort of ailments or battle wounds horses faced. Also, the sheer amount of horses that are accounted for must have been expensive to buy, and I wondered the cost of horses during this time period. Lastly, I couldn’t help but contemplate what role horses played in winning battles or the war altogether. With these thoughts in mind I began to question how the portrayal of horses in early American literature differed from how horses were actually treated and used in the Civil War. I came to realize that horses in The Sovereignty and Goodness of God, Shepard Lee, and Tucker’s diary were all treated in the same way that historians say they were used. In Mary Rowlandson’s captivity narrative, horses were used as a means of food in desperation and as an effective way to transport people from place to place. While held in captivity with the Nipmuc, Narragansett, and Wampanoag tribes, Rowlandson was moved around by walking with the rest of the tribe, or by being placed on the back of a horse (Rowlandson 83). Horses were the most common mode of transportation for soldiers for soldiers during the Civil War. Throughout the course of the war, the North used 3.4 million horses and
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