Emanuel, F. D. (2008). The security of the homeland: a national guard perspective. Retrieved from U.S. Army War College: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a479006.pdf
The Federal bureaucracy before 9/11 was nonexistent. The Federal bureaucracy was dealing with foreign rather than domestic threats. The federal bureaucracy was very limited at the, because DHS don’t exist at that time. Since 2001 until now the DHS has improvement a lot from interdepartmental transitioning in find the threat. The federal bureaucracy get all other countries involve in the betterment and transformation to stop any form terroristic threats.
The Department of Homeland Security was created in the aftermath of one of our nation's greatest tragedies: the events of September 11, 2001 (Newman, 2002). Almost immediately the Department began overseeing 22 federal agencies that pre-existed 9/11. The rationale for this transformation was to improve the coordination of the federal government's various security efforts both internally and externally in an effort to forestall any future terrorist threats. What has occurred, however, is a Cabinet Department that is highly bureaucratic with too many divergent responsibilities. Its effectiveness is questionable and serious consideration should be given to the abolition of the Department and its agencies reassigned to other Departments.
Thinking about the government knowing about these attacks and doing nothing about it is sickening. Nobody wants to believe it, and that makes it all the ever more important. The first thing that may come to mind when trying to comprehend this idea is, why would the government want to do something like this anyway? One theory suggests that they needed to push the Patriot Act through congress. The Patriot Act’s title is a ten-letter backronym (USA PATRIOT) which stands for "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001". It was signed by former President George W. Bush in October of 2001. Another theory suggests that the United States government needed to justify the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003. Nothing fires up patriotism like an attack on our own
Budgets for defense related agencies have grown sky high. 9/11 changed many peoples attitudes and concerns about safety. This resulted in policies like the U.S patriot act that put defense and security above civil liberties. Shortly after the 9/11 attacks, homeland security was created and their budget in 2001 was 43
“The struggle against international terrorism is different from any other war in our history. We will not triumph solely or even primarily through military might.” (National Strategy for Combating Terrorism, 2003) And so to combat this in the post 9/11 time, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was born. And as we have seen in the past event, DHS is needed more today than ever. But DHS was born out of not only necessity but also function.
The DHS has received $41.2 billion just in 2016 (Hanley 1). However, no amount of spending could actually make Americans feel safer. Even with the amount of money the DHS has received, the attention that they are actually giving this situation lacks. The attentions between each agency is varied after the attacks of 9/11 (May 7). Which results in different outcomes on handling terrorist attacks. During a panel appearance, panelists have stated that “Americans are wasting money looking for a magic bullet and funding programs that previous experience shows don’t work” (Hanley 15). During a panel interview Michael German, a former FBI agent, acknowledges the fact that there are terrorists out there who are always one step ahead and sometimes it doesn’t help to be just invested in money but the quality of analyzing the terrorists. There are better ways to deal with terrorism and the first step is for the DHS to fully give their attention to stopping these terrorist attacks. Giving attention to the situation will conclude in how things are getting done by the DHS. Opinions throughout the agencies are distinctive; however, working together is a still a key to making the process work. After 9/11 there were many people who worked for the government and coped with the situation differently but in the end the solution to the
he event that took place in 9/11 changed the History. But my biggest question is why didn’t we learn anything from our previous threats. We’ve had terrorist attacks from way back when . We only learn how to protect ourselves by something tragic to happen. To me it’s the saddest part of our government. The Terrorists attacks can come formulate in many areas. These terrorist are in our back yards. These terrorists want their voices heard. The way is done is brutal and will definitely capture an audience. The targets of the terrorist are Government officials, Government employees, and Government supporters. Let’s start with these three. These are targets that can be chosen based on the policies offered. Both employees and the supporters can
The 9/11 attacks provided new insights to security agencies, especially in their role of detecting and thwarting terrorist activities. Of particular interest was the association of various racial groups, especially those from the Muslim community with terrorism. Therefore, security agencies invested in isolating these racial groups as suspects of terrorism due to their associated connection with terrorism. However, this racial profiling cannot be justified as a counterterrorism measure since it is a flawed line of reasoning. For instance, it is not always the case that some racial groups are always responsible for terrorism. In fact, the 9/11 events would not have been possible without collaborators inside the United States who are not necessarily
Government spending, whether for defense or heightened security, significantly increased following the attacks on September 11, 2001. The attacks, directly or indirectly, led to subsequent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (Tilford). With additional spending for homeland security, a price tag of $5 trillion dollars has been attributed to the events of September 11th and its
The United States has experienced threats against their borders, citizens and resources. After the terrorist attack of 9/11 some changes needed to be implemented to ensure the safety of America. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has the responsibility to protect the Country’s borders as well as to prepare for and respond to disasters and terrorist events. The Department of Defense has the military responsibility to protect the Country abroad. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense are America’s backbone to freedom.
Although the threat posed by foreign terrorist organizations is often foremost in the public consciousness as a result of al-Qaeda's attack on September 11th, 2001, the threat from domestic terror groups remains a central concern of those responsible for homeland security. In fact, while the United States has not suffered from another foreign attack in the decade since 9/11, research by the Federal Bureau of Investigations, along with non-governmental organizations, has found that the number of domestic terror groups has increased, a trend only exacerbated by the economic recession (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009, Domestic Terrorism). While there are a wide variety of individual groups and ideologies, most domestic terror groups falls into one of three broad categories: religious extremism, white supremacy, and anti-government and separatists movements, including the militia movement. Examining these domestic terror groups in greater detail will aid in better understanding the full spectrum of threats considered by homeland security personnel.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation Domestic•(FBI) categorizes terrorism in the U.S. as one of two types: Terrorism – is terrorist activities that focus on facilities or populations without foreign direction. International Terrorism – is terrorist activities that are foreign‐based and/or sponsored by organizations or groups outside the U.S (). International terrorism poses the greatest threat to our national security. Global trends indicate that the growing number of terrorist groups will become more networked and even harder to identify and
“We have learned as a Nation that we must maintain a constant, capable, and vigilant posture to protect ourselves against new threats and evolving hazards. But we have also learned that vigilance and protection are not ends in and of themselves, but rather necessary tools in the service of our national purpose.”(Napolitano, 2010, p.iv) In the wake of the September 11th, 2001 attacks our nation has taken upon itself extreme vigilance to ensure the security and defense of the American people. The relationship between homeland security and homeland defense is one that is tightly knit. Each has a very distinct mission set but somewhere along the spectrum they cross over and mutually support each other in the best interest of the nation.
Differing accounts on either pole focus on al-Qaeda’s continued relevance as the premier terrorist network, whether it is any longer effective or not. From there, the natural conclusion comes around to asking how effective al-Qaeda is, and by which mechanisms does it project that effectiveness. Aside from this, both parties agree that al-Qaeda has an uncanny habit of surviving in the turbulent international dialectic that spawned radical Muslim distress, vicariously.