Is taking a stand a good course? Today, a lot of the privileges that we enjoy came about by people or organizations that took stands in the past. Nelson Mandela used both peaceful protests and armed resistance to fight against the white minority oppressive regime of racially divided South Africa. My exhibit talks about all the sufferings Nelson Mandela went through to end apartheid and brought a multiracial “Government of National Unity” in South Africa. Also, the main idea of my project tells how Nelson Mandela impacted the world by addressing global problems and easing human sufferings. My research focuses on the social injustice of apartheid in South Africa and how this was brought to an end.
During the reign of the Apartheid regime Nelson Mandela was born and raised. Nelson Mandela was a South African lawyer and prominent activist. He was also the leader of the African National Congress party and the first black President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He is known for his devotion and struggle against the Apartheid regime.
Mandela has been influenced by Gandhi all along his life. Gandhi, who was peaceful protestor against oppression led the Indian campaign in 1913. By this campaign, Mandela understood that to be successful in the freedom struggle, it was necessary to make sacrifices, and to suffer for the cause. Gandhi’s passive resistance inspired Mandela a lot and for the first years of his political career, he promoted non violent actions. These actions were therefore illegals, and like Gandhi, he was courageous and accepted the fact that those actions may led him to prison, like in Gandhi's case. However, when Mandela noticed that the passive resistance wasn’t effective, he decided to act in consequence, and to play by the government rules (use violence).
Imagine being systematically oppressed from the moment you exited the womb. All your civil rights, based on the amount of melanin in your skin. Drinking from the wrong water fountain, could even get you thrown into jail. Coincidently; this was the life, of black South Africans from the moment of Dutch colonization in 1652, to the first true democratic election in 1994. Apartheid, meaning “separateness” in Afrikaans; was legal segregation enforced by The National Party (NP) from 1948 to 1994. It legally imposed preexisting policies of racial discrimination on the Majority of the South African population. The entire basis of the racist policies, was the darker your complexion the less legal rights you had. Presumably this injustice, could have continued much longer if it weren’t for all involved in the fight against the NP, however the man who arguably contributed the most, was Nelson Mandela. He ended an apartheid, with both his philanthropy and political prowess. He united a nation that used to be segregated; which seemed a daunting task at the time, but through the sweat and bloodshed he achieved the impossible. This alone exhibited his heroic characteristics, but to be more precise: both his actions and inactions lead to his success. Furthermore, Mandela was both a strong leader and forgiving at the same-time. Being in the forefront of the abolishment movement, was an extremely risky move during the apartheid. He risked his life for what he believed in, and this personal
In the 1960s, many of the colonial nations of Africa were gaining independence. The ANC was encouraged and campaigned for democracy in South Africa. They were mild campaigns at first, but as the government became more hostile, so did ANC protests. In November 1961, a military branch of the party was organized with Mandela as its head. It authorized the limited use of arms and sabotage against the government, which got the government’s attention—and its anger! Mandela went into hiding in 1964, he was captured, tried, and sentenced to life imprisonment. It was a sad day for black South Africa.
William Garrison is one of the most well-known abolitionists in the mid-1800s and many historians praised him for his work. However, Garrison wasn’t really effective in reforming the status of the black communities. In the video from PBS, his work was exaggerated and discredited many other historians that help with the civil rights movement.
After graduation Halberstam did not opt for a job in one of the big markets, instead he was very interested in heading to the south and being in the middle of what he thought was the most important and critical story, which was the civil rights movement. Halberstam set up a job during his final year at Harvard to work for a progressive new paper in Jackson, Mississippi to cover civil rights stories. Unfortunately for Halberstam when he arrived the individual who offered the position had left the paper and they had not positions available. Halberstam scrambled and found a job for a very small paper in West Point, Mississippi, The Daily Times Leader. The paper was the smallest in Mississippi and a very conservative paper, which did not fit
Ansel Adams (1902-1984) was a native of San Francisco. Throughout his childhood days, he often played in the sand dunes outside the Golden Gate. This is where he learned to appreciate nature, and it inspired him to use nature as his scenes for his photographs. He is known for preserving wilderness. He is viewed as an environmental legend and an image of the American West, particularly of Yosemite National Park. His first visit to Yosemite was in 1916.
Martin Luther King organized a march on Selma protesting for racial Civil Rights. In the captured picture, he, along with many others are seen dressed in suits with linking hands as they march along. This moment is priceless given that it holds so many words. Firstly, it shows that for one to be truly acknowledged, they most present their case in a serious manner. Prior to that photograph, those men were given no regard and treated as animals, thus this act was a battle for their rights as human beings. Though they were humans, if in animal fur, they would convince no one. Their dressing set the tone for their argument, forcing all who saw them to take heed. In addition to the suits, everyone in the picture can be seen holding arms. At the
Nelson Mandela took part in ending the apartheid. An apartheid is a restriction that started around 1949, on nonwhites’ basic rights and barred them from government while white minority rule. On January 8, 1912, in South Africa, the African National Congress was created by a group of Africans, colored, and Indians. In the 1940s, Mandela became the leader of peaceful protests and armed resistance against the white minority’s oppressive regime in a racially divided South Africa. In 1950, the ANC adopted the African National Congress Youth League’s plan to achieve full citizenship for all South Africans through boycotts, strikes, civil disobedience and other nonviolent methods. In 1952, Mandela and another member of the ANC opened South Africa’s first black law firm, which offered free or low-cost legal counsel to those affected by apartheid legislation. The black law firm also helped lead the ANC’s campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws. Mandela and 155 other activists were arrested and put on trial for treason on December 5, 1956, due to acts of civil disobedience. While Mandela was locked up, tensions throughout the ANC started to escalate. The next year, on March 21, as nonviolent black protestors were protesting by singing Africans songs all day, so that they could overload the prisons, police opened fire on the crowd. Sixty nine people were killed, along with another 189 wounded.
To what extent was Marcus Garvey the most significant African American civil rights leader in the period 1865-1945?
All they wanted was freedom. From December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956 african americans in montgomery alabama started a boycott where they didn’t ride the bus. To get to work and other places they would carpool and take colored taxis, but most of all just walk. They would walk to stores they would walk to work they would walk everywhere.
In 1965, I joined the march with Martin Luther Jr. king for changing the law because the police arrested and killed African-American people. So I feel bad for them who felt bad when police killed black people. I just want to solve the solution to make the law change the rule without split out between white and black people. And also I don't like to see how police hurt black people by police weapon stick and other weapons. The march was the first time marching because marchers want to stop the police killing and hurting African-American people. And I heard most white people cried at marchers because police hurt African-American and it’s really sad. Martin Luther Jr. king started marching with white and black people.
While working as waiter at a restaurant, you should always welcome your customers with a cordial greeting.