Why Nations Fight By Richard Ned Lebow

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War has been one of the major features of the twentieth century. An extensive percentage of people have been participants or victims of the interstate or civil wars. Nowadays wars still exist and large populations suffer from it. The book Why Nations Fight by Richard Ned Lebow analyzes war in the past and the motives for war in the future. This book is extremely interesting to me, because of the current civil war in Ukraine that has been going on for almost 2 years. Lebow uses different scholarly references and shows that civil wars have been in a sharp decline after the Cold War, however some of the most violent civil wars were sparked after the collapse of the USSR (like in case of Ukraine). In this paper I am going to discuss the critical analysis of the book and the constructivist argument of the factors that influence the international behavior. Lebow begins his book by discussing how the organized violence has existed since the Neolithic era. Nevertheless, it is shown how the frequency of the wars has been dropping throughout the modern era. He describes several reasons why wars go on decline, which is economic development of the states, increasing destructiveness of war that brings too many losses, the spread of democracy, the creation of international institutions and disgust with war as a whole. One of the biggest reasons of war decline is public revulsion. People have always been anti-war and opposed every inclination of it. Especially, the European public opinions

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