Why People Commit Crime: A Strain Theory Perspective

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Why People Commit Crime: A Strain Theory Perspective SOCI150 Criminology Deviance, criminal behavior and wrong doings; why do they occur? People don 't just wake up one morning and say "I 'm off from work today so why don 't I just go rob a bank". There has to be something in their past or present experiences that cause one to engage in criminal behavior. So what makes people commit crime and most importantly why do they fell they need to so? Criminologists have studied this question for many years and came up with so many different types of answers and theories. All these theories prevail their own unique reason for crime. Due to my interest in this question I also have been reading some theories and looking for a reason. However I…show more content…
He presented five modes of adapting to strain. The chart below gives the five modes of adaptation and illustrates that for each mode there is a goal and mean. The "+" indicates available and the " - " not available. Conformity is the most common mode of adaptation. Individuals in this group accept both the goals as well as the prescribed means for achieving those goals. Conformists are the lucky ones who accept the goals of society and the means approved for achieving them. The people in this unit are mostly middle- class and upper-class individuals. The populations who adapt through innovation accept societal goals but don 't have the means to achieve those goals. This causes them innovate (design) their own means to get ahead. Their means of success would be ones such as robbery, embezzlement or other such criminal acts. The innovators are typically lower-class people who desire a high-class life and strive to get it. In ritualism, the third adaptation, individuals are capable of living a high-class life, but don 't necessarily care for it. "A ritualist may get a good education, work every day in an acceptable occupation, and appear outwardly to be leading a solid middle-class life. Yet that person may care little for the symbols of success, choosing to live an otherwise independent lifestyle." (Schmalleger, 2002 p208). Retreatism is the adaptation of those who give up not only the goals but
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