Why People Seek Medical Assistance

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Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and affective experience associated with tissue damage. Pain is a major symptom in many medical conditions and is one of the most sited reasons why people seek medical assistance (Peterson & Bredow 2009). When pain is poorly managed, it can delay healing and recovery. Using the proper nursing assessment skill is very important to assess a patient’s pain level, and determine the best intervention to reduce or eliminate it. Middle range theory like Pain: a balance between analgesia and side effects and the theory of unpleasant symptoms (TOUS) helps interrupt and serves as a tool that can be used in daily nursing practice.
Background of Pain Theory
During the 17th century, scientists proposed various
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2. Attentive care: with frequent assessment of pain, side effects of pain medications can be noticed sooner than later and proper intervention can be applied. Reassessing an intervention will allow the nurse to know if the intervention implemented was successful or not. C v
3. Patient participation: Patient education, teachings ad goal setting for pain management makes patients feel involve in their care. Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms (TOUS) falls under a middle-range theory. According to Lenz (1997), there is a link between research and what is being practiced by nurses and clinicians. TOUS came about from 2 different concepts on dyspnea and fatigue. Drs. Linda Pugh and Audrey Gift discovered similarities while working on these two concepts. Lenz et al. concurred their ideas to publish Pugh and Gift 's ideas and discovery as the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms. Lenz published an updated and revised version of the TOUS in 1997.TOUS came into existence and practical in nursing field thanks to these four nurse researchers (Andreu Gift, Renee Milligan, Elizabeth Lenz, and Linda Pugh) in 1995 and 1997 It is a theory that emerges spontaneously from the practice of nursing inductively from the particular to the general, reflections from the real world. The TOUS consist of three major parts: symptoms encountered or experienced by patients, influencing
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