According to the American Psychological Association, “Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort. Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle actions” (Bullying, 2013). People bully each other for several reasons and there are different outcomes that are a result of those reasons. People can be bullied physically, emotionally, or verbally. Bullying can take place at school or online. Bullying should be a considered a crime, but kids get away with it all the time; furthermore prevention can be used in order to keep kids safe from bullying.
Bullying is defined as “verbal, physical, or psychological abuse or teasing accompanied by real or perceived imbalance of power” and is usually targets what children perceive as different (Olweus, 1993). Bullying is prevalent across the nation. It has devastating effects on students each day. Bullying is a problem for all students, regardless of race, gender or class. The National Education Association reports that 160,000 children are absent intentionally from school each day because they fear being bullied whether it is an attack or just intimidation by other students. This accounts for 15% of all school absenteeism (Hunter, 2012). Dan Olweus (1993) from the National School Safety Center tells us that bullying includes three parts: (1)
Bullying has engrained in American society since the country’s founding. Bred from a capitalistic economy and competitive social hierarchy, bullying has remained a relevant issue through the years. School age children are learning skills and lessons from their teachers as well as through peer interactions. Although schools are great tools that children benefit from, there are some bad experiences, such as bullying, that may negatively affect and remain with these children for the rest of their lives. Some
For many years, bullying has been a major problem in many schools. Bullying is associated with serious health concerns, whether a child is the bully or the victim. Kids who are victims of bullying usually have lasting effects on their physical and mental health. This literature review describes the effects of bullying approaching the following topics:
Bullying involves an observed or perceived power imbalance and is highly likely to be repeated behavior. A young person can be a perpetrator, a victim, or both (also known as a "bully/victim") (Cite). In order to study bullying in the United States, this paper will provide a thorough definition of bullying, which includes characteristics of bullies and those that are victims of bullying. This paper will also examine
Bullying in the K-12 system in America is a serious societal issue. Bullying is commonly discussed and argued in our society, and it can be seen on the news and in the media very frequently. The problem with bullying is that it has been around for a long time, yet it is still not being fixed. Schools cannot continue this way because it damages young children and causes issues throughout the life course. As scholars have found, bullying leads to lower academic performance and low self-esteem, which shows the need for change. In a survey of about 50 peers, 43% agree that bullying is an issue, and 35% strongly agree with the statement. This means that more than 75% of respondents agree that bullying is an issue in our country. All teachers,
Over the past couple of years, bullying has reached an all-time high around the world. Bullying is an act of someone treated another person poorly either through actions or words. It is something that can be found anywhere and it can happen to people of all ages. It is most commonly found in students’ that attend elementary school, junior high, and high school. In this essay, it discusses a study performed on students grades five through eight on bullying in elementary and junior high.
Bullying is a social aspect of schooling that has plagued American schools for years. Students frequently report that they have been the victims of bullying while attending school (Atlas & Pepler, 1998). While educators and administrators are trying to combat bullying; bullying is still occurring. Bullying can be defined as a hostile behavior that is inflicted upon an individual by another individual. Bullying is a repetitive behavior, and the bully is the one in a dominant power position (Beran, 2006). Bullying either directly or indirectly affects students, parents, educators and administrators.
Bullying has been around for years, but it has never been taken to the extreme as it has today. According to Berthold and Hoover, Slee, Walker, Ramsey and Gresham, “targets of bullying may suffer greatly in terms of their social and emotional well-being, become anxious, and depressed, isolate themselves from peer groups, and avoid school for fear of being bullied”. With the help of school-based intervention programs, the frequency of bullying has the ability to be minimized greatly. Many theorists and practioners believe programs have already been put in place to intervene bullying, but too many tragedies are still occurring, so there needs to be more of an effective intervention.
Bullying is a chronic issue for school-age children. Bullying can dramatically affect the ability of students to develop academically, emotionally and socially. Children should have the right to attend school and learn in a safe environment with fear of being bullied. I feel it is important to identify, educate and eliminate threats to prevent bullying in schools. I find this article would serve to help educate a number of different professionals, particularly those who deal with school–age children, including school psychologists, teachers and other school personnel. The social representation on the causes of bullying outlined in this article may help educators in a school environment better understand the interpretative process used by children in dealing with bullying. By educators having a better understanding, they can interpret bullying situations better and influence student attitudes and behaviors in these situations. Information from this study can help professionals evaluate their anti-bullying policies and practices and develop better intervention plans to ensure that all students can learn in a safe and fear-free
Bullying is continuing to grow as a problem in schools today, affecting 1 in 3 children in the United States (Shetgiri, 2013). Studies show that between 15-25% of U.S. students are bullied frequently, while 15-20% of students report that they bully others with some frequency (Nelson et al., 2001).This makes bullying an important public health problem and it is gaining more recognition as a problem affecting the well-being and psychosocial functioning of school-age children. The focus of this paper is limited to bullying during the school-age period, which includes children from six to twelve years of age.
Graham, S. (2010). What educators need to know about bullying behaviors. In Cauley, K., & Pannozzo, G. (Eds.), Annual editions: Educational psychology 13/14 (28th ed., pp. 50-53). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
28% of U.S. students in grades 6-12 report they have experienced bullying, and 30% admit to bullying others. Bullying is a topic that is constantly on the forefront of multiple agendas especially in the education world. Information is now becoming available about the effects of bullying, and now the issue is being brought to surface often focusing on how schools are dealing with issue of bullying.
Bullying has been a major issue for years and in recent years, it has been getting progressively worse. According to StopBullying.gov, between 1 in 3 students in the US state have been a victim of bullying. I am currently interested in this topic because many of my clients are currently going through this. Bullying can affect just about anyone whether the person is getting bullied themselves, bullying others, or may have witnessed someone getting bullied (“Effects of Bullying,” n.d.).
School bullying and bullying as a whole has become a growing concern. The need for more intervention is more recognized, as incidents of bullying and inappropriate acts towards others occur in places outside of the classroom. This literature takes a closer look at bullying in schools. Olwesus (2013) states “the field of bullying research is to some extent plagued by problems, disagreements, and unresolved issues” (p.752). Whether if anyone will agree on the root of bullying, the fact remains that bullying has to be examined at its very core to remedy the matter before it becomes a bigger concern. There is a dire need for intervention based programs to be set in place to address the fact the act of bullying has lasting effects on the bully and the victim. When intervention programs are put into place to address bullying, the act of bullying decreases due to the gained understanding of the effects.