In 1905, the social and economic tensions building up within Russia boiled over into Revolution. It was described by Lenin as the “Great Dress Rehearsal” for the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and may give us clues as to why the 1917 revolution started. The suggestion that Tsar Nicholas II and his actions were to blame for this revolution is debatable and there are many factors such as the repressive Tsarist system, the growth of opposition from the time of Alexander II and the defeat in the war with Japan to consider. These events can be separated into short and long term effects on the revolution. Bloody Sunday and defeat to Japan would be short term effects whereas the
The lower class of Russia, which was composed of the working people felt misrepresented- or not represented at all.Nicholas II was the son of Alexander III of Russia, who was also the Emperor of Russia, before Nicholas. He was the heir of approximately 200 years of Czarist rule in Russia.Coming from a very rich family, Nicholas could hardly relate to the lower class. He had inherited Russia’s rule from his dad, and was not elected, which meant he was not necessarily qualified to correctly rule Russia, as he later proved through his actions.After he had angered the working class by slaughtering their own people, losing major battles in the war with Japan as well as in WWI, there was no way for him to amend for the mistakes he had made. Therefore, had the people been given the choice of taking down the Czar, they would have not hesitated.Their anger was represented through Lenin, with whom they felt they could connect to.Due to their dislike for the Czar, not many were dissatisfied when he was overthrown, and lated ordered to be executed by
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was unsuccessful because of how it did not accomplish the initial goal of establishing communism, internal social and economic issues within Russia, detrimental effects of rapid industrialisation and became the catalyst of a civil war. The defeat in war against Japan, in 1905, led to increased opposition to the Tsar, who was viewed as incompetent. The war was also important in intensifying and worsening longer term social and economic problems, as it caused food shortages, high prices and unemployment - the factors which motivated many to take part in the march on the Winter palace that resulted in Bloody Sunday (Document A). The Tsar was
The 1905 revolution can be considered as the pinnacle event that accelerated the downward spiral of Tsar Nicholas’s rule and Russia’s adherence to their “little father”. From this point onwards Nicholas was referred to by the people as not their “little father” but “Nicholas the Bloody”. "The present ruler has lost absolutely the affection of the Russian people, and whatever the future may have in store for the dynasty, the present tsar will never again be safe in the midst of his people." (The American consul in Odessa). This revolution was an uprising of people from all levels of society and was not an uprising organised by any group in particular. The Bolsheviks played a minimal role in the 1905 revolution as most of their leaders were living in exile and their impact and influence on the workers in that year was weak as well as having no Duma faction. This demonstrates that the Bolsheviks had a minor role in the pinnacle events that led to the downfall of the Romanov dynasty but rather gained support after Nicholas’ abdication.
The Russo – Japanese war saw Russia lose to Japan. Russia saw itself as a great and powerful country, compared to others, Russia wanted to expand it empire over the Far East. Russia and Japan went to war over the control of China and Korea. Russia saw its military as superior; however Russia suffered a humiliating defeat. January 1905 Russia was forced to surrender their Port Arthur Naval
Czar Nicholas was a big part of the Russian Revolution. He was the last Czar of Russia and was raised to throne after his father’s death. Even though he was put up right away after the death of his father, he was unprepared for such a role. As he is Czar of Russia he makes a lot of changes and turning points. One of the biggest was when Russia was going through economic growth and their industry started to expand. When the started to expand the Japanese felt threatened and attacked Russia, which eventually led to the Russian and Japanese war. “The Russian and Japanese war led to the Russian
During the 20th century, a clash between Russia and the and the Empire of Japan led to the Russo-Japanese War. Nicholas approached the war with confidence and saw it as an opportunity to raise Russian morale and patriotism. Many people were baffled. Nicholas belief was that it wouldn’t be a war. Despite the onset of the war, Nicholas still believed and expected a final victory based on racial inferiority and military weakness of the Japanese. As Russia continued to be defeated by the Japanese, the call for drew. Russia was later defeated.
The 1904-1905 war between Tsarists Russia and the Empire of Japan pitted a newly developed modern military against and poorly funded, organized, and outdated war machine. It to become the bloodiest war fought prior to World War I. The conflict gained universal recognition as the Russo-Japanese War. The Russians desired to expand eastward and reap the economic benefits created by the natural resources contained within China and Korea. In addition, and most importantly they desired year-round access to a warm-water port. Japan sought the respect and equal treatment from Western nations and the removal of Russian influence in the Far East. The war was not a prolonged conflict; however, the final outcome shocked the powerful western nations. Japan would gain acceptance by western nations as a global power and a militaristic state. Unfortunately for Russia the conclusion of the war set into motion a series of events that would bring about the demise of Tsarists Russia.
Under the poor leadership of Tsar Nicholas II, Russia's peasants were suffering and unrest was widespread in the country. In hopes to rally the Russian people and bring out their nationalist spirit, Tsar Nicholas II, declared war on Japan for challenging Russia for control of Korea and Manchuria. was facing has suffered huge losses during its war with Japan. Japan defeated the Russian easily and it was a humiliating loss for the empire. As World War exploded between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, Russia was drawn into the war because of the alliance system, Bolsheviks and other groups in Russia did not like the fact that Tsar Nicholas II decided to enter another costly war.
Between 1900 and 1940 Russia experienced significant change in its economical and political spheres, as an emerging Communist Party set about replacing the traditional features of tsarist society with socialist alternatives. However, progress came at gradually, not immediately, after many failed revolutions and costly wars. The need for change in Russia became most apparent under the House of Romanov (1613-1917). The decline of the Romanovs had had been in motion since the failure of the Crimean War, and while temporarily stunted by a series of economical and political reforms launched by Czar Alexander II and a program for industrialization spearheaded by Sergei Witte, hastened after an even costlier war with Japan. Harking back to Russia’s defeat in the Crimean War, the Russo-Japanese War provoked social unrest among
The Second World War left Europe utterly devastated once again, by the modern armies of Europe. The Russian Red Army liberated Berlin from Nazi dominance and control in 1945, installing their own governmental ideologies, social, economic, and political terms. Contracting postwar governments, in the post war period immediately after the war known as "Zero Hour". Once the Russians liberated Germany any type of governmental stability and law/order just deteriorated. In its wake building East Germany to become known as the German Democratic Republic (GDR) under the control of the Soviet Union. Life and society in general, was controlled by government, not just political institutions but also social institutions as well. The people were always watched and suspected by the elites in the communist party using their network of secrete spies and police. Only later to be overthrown in a domino effect of Revolutions all throughout Eastern Europe towards the final years of the Soviet Union.
During the late 19th to early 20th century, Russia under the rule of Nicholas II is transforming itself into a more industrialized country. This transformation produced revolutionary socialist movements that quickly grew in power and influence throughout Russia. These opposition movements are formed by Russian labor workers are referred to as soviets. Out of these soviets, the Bolsheviks emerged in 1903 as a radical wing led by a prominent Russian and communist figure named Vladimir Lenin. The events in 1905 which involved a number of embarrassing Russian loses against the Japanese in their conflicts in the eastern Pacific made the government even less popular among its people. It sparked violent protests across the country including Russia’s then capital St. Petersburg. A number of peaceful demonstrators would be killed and injured as a result of these massive protests. These incidents would spark the Russian revolution of 1905, an unsuccessful revolution that was suppressed by the government. Less than a decade later, World War I would erupt and Russia would find itself at war (“Russian History,” n.d.).
The Russo-Japanese war began on February 8th, 1904 when the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Russian fleet and ended September 5th, 1905 with the treaty of Portsmouth led by Theodore Roosevelt. The war had a substantial effect on both of its participants, the Russians and the Japanese, but first this essay will talk about the events leading up to it, such as the Russian encroachment.
Moreover, the Russian Revolution was the outcome of the communist party wanting to have complete control over the citizens in Russia. They displayed this idea with their thoughts about removing the practice of religion. They saw religion as an “opium,” for they believed it caused the people to be inactive –mainly the working class (Brose, 167). For they saw religion as a malicious idea, which caused them to see churches as a danger to the bourgeoisie because they believed that the proletarians were planning evil events against them (Brose, 167). Eisenstein demonstrated the communist oppression of religion with the jester on the cross in the priest’s hand as being a weapon (Bordwell, 66). When the priest in Battleship Potemkin was stroking
Therefore, morale in Russia was not a reason why there was an outbreak of revolution in 1917. Nevertheless, the few military successes could not make up for the shocking casualty list revealed later on in wartime. Also, when the economic and military problems arose they could have been tolerable for the general public if they were encouraged by the people at the top such as the Tsar but no leadership was shown. Though this was a problem in Russia the morale in Russia was not too bad although people did begin to focus more on taking care of themselves because of the effects of the war on everyday life. On the other hand, the fact that central leadership was not being provided to the Russian public, criticisms began to be pointed directly at the Tsar. Nicholas failed in being commander-in-chief of the Russian armed services. He did not encourage war effort and did not prove to be the appropriate representative for the Russian people. In addition, the fact that he took on this important role meant that he was responsible for the wars consequences and the survival of Tsardom depended on military success. Due to the lack of success, Nicholas II was blamed and not his generals. This was a reason for the revolution in February 1917 to happen as it appeared to the citizens of Russia that they did not have a strong leader, also the tsarist system’s claim to the loyalty of the Russian people had been forfeited thus