Why Young Children Validate Standards Of Fair Sharing

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The purpose of this study was to determine the cause of why young children validate standards of fair sharing, but then contradict those standards when given a chance to share. Also, the study further investigates the judgment-behavior gap. Young children have a better understanding when it comes to fairness, but they have an egocentric bias when they know that it will benefit them when they share. A gap is created between children’s thinking about sharing and their behavior towards sharing. The researchers explore the reason behind the gap in hopes to close the gap between children’s perception and behavior about sharing. Furthermore, the judgment-behavior gap is used to determine how children respond to proposed resource sharing…show more content…
Next, they were divided into two different groups in which they were placed in the Self-Share/Other-Norm group or the Self-Norm/Other-Share group. (Smith et al, 2013, p. 2) In the Self-Share/Other-Norm group, the children were allowed to share their stickers with another child and were also asked how many stickers their friends should share. (Smith et al, 2013, p. 2) In contrast, in the Self-Norm/Other-Share group, the children were questioned on how much they themselves should share and they also wanted the children to predict how much another child had actually shared. (Smith et al, 2013, p. 2) Additionally, children in the Self-Share/Other-Share group received two inhibitory control measures which were the Day-Night Task and the Bear-Dragon Task. (Smith et al, 2013, p. 3) In the Day-Night Task, the children sat at a laptop and were shown two pictures, one of a sun and the other of a moon. They were looking for a response day or night depending on what picture was shown to them. Next, in the Bear-Dragon Task children participated in the task just as the experimenter showed them and then they were shown two puppets. They were asked to respond to what the bear inquired and to not respond when the dragon questioned them. After all experiments had been conducted, the children were asked to explain their responses and then were scored based on their response. Children believed that a norm of
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