Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England, and What are the Inventions from this Era?

788 WordsJun 23, 20184 Pages
The Industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s. Before the Industrial Revolution, people made items by hand. Soon machines did the jobs that people didn’t want to do. This was a more efficient way of making goods. During the industrial revolution, Political, economical, and social forces led to a period of upheaval for the French during the eighteenth century. What political, economical, and social forces led to a period of upheaval though during this time? In 1700, small farms covered England’s territory. Wealthy landowners started to buy the land that the village farmers had once worked on. These landowners improved the farming methods they were used to…show more content…
Other countries had some advantages that could enable them to industrialize but it wasn’t enough. In order for Britain to industrialize, they needed land, labor, and wealth, which they had and the other countries didn’t. So then what inventions helped industrialization form? Well, the textile industry transformed first. Cloth merchants boosted their profit because they could produce more clothing. In 1733, John Kay made an invention called the flying shuttle that sped back and forth on wheels. It was a boat-shaped piece of wood that yarn was attached to and doubled the work that a weaver could only do in a day. Around the time of 1764, a textile worker named James Hargreaves invented a spinning wheel he named after his daughter, jenny. His spinning jenny allowed one spinner to work eight threads at a time. At first, the textile workers operated these machines by hand. Then, Richard Arkwright invented the water frame that used water rapidly flowing through streams in order to operate this machine. In 1779, Samuel Crompton combined features of the spinning jenny and the water frame to produce the spinning mule. The spinning mule made thread that was stronger, finer, and more consistent than earlier spinning machines. Run by waterpower, Edmund Cartwright’s power loom sped up weaving after its invention in 1787. What did all of this progress lead to next? Progress in the textile industry led to other industrial improvements
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