Widespread Segregation And Its Effects On African Americans

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Segregation is the practice of restricting people to confined areas of residence or to separate institutions, programs, and facilities on the basis of race or other criteria. Widespread segregation arose shortly after the end of the Civil War and continued, mainly in the South, for decades under various forms. At the end of the war, black people became free and as such, they had all the rights given to American citizens under the Constitution such as the right to vote and to buy property and other rights that were denied to them under slavery, but in practice, black people were not treated equally as white people.
Segregation affected African-Americans socially. With new laws and practices in place that guaranteed the rights of black people in society, white people found other ways to make black people feel inferior and demean them through limiting African-Americans’ access to various institutions. Stores, restaurants, hotels, movie theaters had signs or posters telling black people they were not welcomed or that these establishments were for white people only, there were policies set in place where black people must have given their seats to a white person on the bus or move to the back of the bus, there were areas where a black person was expected to walk in the street, leaving the sidewalk to white people.
Many might think that these practices were illegal, but in fact, they were not. In a case that was brought before the Supreme Court, H.A Plessy vs J.H Ferguson, the
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