On the day of September 11, 1857, an emigrant party camped at Mountain Meadows was brutally killed by the Mormon militia aided by Indians. This essay examines two viewpoints regarding the massacre found in Sally Denton’s “American Massacre” and in “Massacre at Mountain Meadows” by Ronald W. Walker, Richard E. Turley, and Glen M. Turley.
These dilemmas brought up in Part II make the Round River essays, inserted as the modern edition’s Part III, titled "A Taste for Country," particularly apt, because this is the section of the book that deals primarily with philosophies. It is here that Leopold states that "poor land may be rich country, and vice versa". It is here that Leopold introduces the concept, radical then but widely accepted now, that the planet itself is a living organism and, through the natural cycles of earth, wind, fire and water, continually replenishes its own means of remaining alive. The human role in this "Round River" ecosystem is prominent, of course, and for thousands of years indigenous people depended directly on the bounty of this natural system to supply their needs of food and fiber. Although modern civilization has been forced by its increasing population to create artificial cycles, replacing elk and deer and grouse with beef and hogs and poultry, and replacing the oaks and bluestem grasses which fed the wild meat with corn and alfalfa.
When a person is in a stressful situation on instinct they have two options, fight or flight. In war the same is true. War is not always bayonets and bullets, it’s the decisions you make during times of hardship. A soldier has to make the decision whether to keep fighting for what they believe in no matter what the stakes or to flee. In December of 1777, George Washington and his troops arrived at Valley Forge. Since the summer of 1775, all has gone well for the Continental Army. More recently Washington was presumably unable to stop General Howe and his British soldiers from claiming the national capital of Philadelphia. With Howe and his army of approximately 18,000 comfortably quartered in Philadelphia,
The development of agriculture by Native Americans more than five thousand years ago sparked new cultures and innovations. Hunters who previously roamed the land like nomads established permanent villages. Corn, sun, and water became focal points for many societies and played
Have you ever been in a place of green with forests and animals everywhere? Well, where some of the Native Americans lived, there were such things. Native American tribes such as the Crow lived in the Great Plains. The Crow tribe of the Great Plains were nomadic and followed the buffalo migrations which provided their food. This tribe spent a good part of the year living in camps that could easily be dismantled and moved to follow the buffalo migrations. Other tribes of the plains were more sedentary. These tribes lived in permanent villages year round.
Not only did the FN understand the need to protect the wildlife, but they also realized the importance of vegetation and water systems. FN used bundling techniques to get the most out of their wild rice while allowing more to grow and seeds to spread. In D. Wayne Moodie’s paper Perspectives on the Ojibwa Production of wild rice Moodie argues the idea that the “practices that were intended not only to regulate the gathering of wild rice, but also to enhance its production.” This idea helps demonstrate that FN were in harmony with their environment as they took extra care to protect the environment to also help themselves and also to show respect for the habitat that they got their resources.
The Paiutes are a Native American Indian tribe “made up of several bands throughout the western part of the United States, also known as the Great Basin region” (Ruby 222). The Northern Paiutes populated areas of Oregon, California, Nevada, and Idaho; and inquiries as to how the environment might have affected their interactions, migration, and social behavior is a topic of great interest in Oregon archeology. The Northern Paiutes “who practiced the ancestral lifeway well into the 19th century, were heirs to an extremely ancient cultural tradition” (Aikens 13). Historical archeological studies found that these groups often “made tools, gathered plants, and hunted animals of similar if not identical kinds” (Aikens 13). Through these similar identities,
There was a lot of sick people, but there was not a lot of people dying from the sickness. Firstly, in document A it stated there was “3,989 people sick out of the 8,000” who were there. So what that is saying there was about 50% of soldiers sick and in the Winter it is common to be sick especially in those conditions. Secondly there were only “1,800 out of the 12,000 men died in Valley Forge”(doc A). What this is saying is that there is only a 15% chance of dying and a 85% chance of living which that is pretty good odds. Also in the background essay it says “today we know that most of the army survived the winter. So, I would take those odds and stay at Valley Forge.
The Laramie Project is a play written by Moisés Kaufman and members of the Tectonic Theater Project by interviewing the residents of Laramie Wyoming about the murder of a gay student, Matthew Shepard. The play raises controversy revolving around homosexuality, hate crimes and acceptance. In addition to the various themes suggested by the play, the author wanted to present the varying perspectives toward homosexuality in the Laramie Community at the time of Shepard death. The three main perspectives towards homosexuality were hatred, tolerance and acceptance. The author also wanted to explore how these perspectives may have changed as the result of Shepard’s death.
Ohio’s strongest economic industry is Agribusiness. Through agriculture, Ohio farmers have rooted a connection throughout the globe in feeding and supplying resources needed in life each day. Since the 1800’s native Ohioans have relied on agriculture not only for a source of nourishment but as a means of making a living. Ohio 's original settlers, the Native Americans, supported themselves through farming. “The Indians grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, multi-colored Indian corn, numerous varieties of beans, including kidney beans, navy and pea beans, pinto beans, great northern marrow beans, and yellow eye beans. Ohio Indians grew many other vegetables, including turnips, cabbage, parsnips, sweet potatoes, yams, and onions and leeks” (Agriculture and Farming in Ohio). “The Europeans introduced the watermelon and muskmelon into North America in the seventeenth century, and Indians in the interior were growing these fruits within a few years” (Agriculture and Farming in Ohio).
The Laramie Project written and directed by: Moises Kaufman (interview and additional help provided by: Tectonic Theater Project) The Laramie project is a play (2000) and a film (2002) both were written/ directed by Moises Kaufman and the Tectonic Theater Project. The whole movie was just so wow when you asked us to share our thoughts that’s I was thinking. The movie had so much feeling to it I felt like I was there interviewing the people.
Popular culture is the artistic and creative expression in entertainment and style that appeals to society as whole. It includes music, film, sports, painting, sculpture, and even photography. It can be diffused in many ways, but one of the most powerful and effective ways to address society is through film and television. Broadcasting, radio and television are the primary means by which information and entertainment are delivered to the public in virtually every nation around the world, and they have become a crucial instrument of modern social and political organization. Most of today’s television programming genres are derived from earlier media such as stage, cinema and radio. In the area of comedy, sitcoms have proven
Valley Forge was a very hard time for American Soldiers. The living conditions the soldiers had to face were awful. It was a harsh winter and they would freeze nearly to death. They had barely any clothes and the clothes they did have were disgusting and worn out. Some didn’t even have shoes and the soldiers that were fortunate enough to have some, you could see their toes through their shoes! They had little to no food and the food they did have was very poor. Trying to keep warm was nearly impossible. In the huts they would start fires, but the smoke was overwhelming and the would have to open up the hut to let the smoke out. That kind of defeats the purpose of a fire, because they would just be letting more and more cold air in.
War is a huge issue in our world today. There is fighting going on all around us from small arguments to big wars. In history, The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, in 1759, was very different from World War l, in 1914 to 1918. This is demonstrated in The Battle of the Plains of Abraham through older battle tactics and techniques and weapons used by the British and the French to the developments of new battle techniques and weaponry used in World War l.
A lot can happen in sixty years, and America is no exception to that statement. It is arguable that one of the biggest differences regarding America in the 1950s to modern America is culture. The movie “Pleasantville” reflects much of these cultural differences from 1950s to today in a creative and thoughtful way. It also provides much useful insight into the cultural conflicts America faced throughout the 1950s. The many differences between 1950s culture and modern day culture, my own opinion which time period I would personally choose to live in and cultural conflicts of the 1950s will be discussed throughout this essay.