William Craft House And Slave Dwelling

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Incorporating Mississippi Works Progress Administration Slave Narratives, the diary of Emma Finley, and excerpts of the Finley family cookbook from 1858 with artifact evidence found at the Hugh Craft House from the foundation repair in 2008 and excavation artifacts from Fall 2014 and Spring 2015, together, will give a greater insight to the foodways of the Craft family and slaves residing on the site. The purpose of this paper is to examine the artifacts collected, cataloged, and analyzed thus far from the Hugh Craft house and slave dwelling site and compare the findings to analysis of slave diets throughout the south up until 1860 to determine if the Hugh Craft family and their nine slaves shared food or food patterns.

Hugh Craft travelled from Georgia to Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1839. In 1851, Craft rebuilt the main house, but kept the original slave dwelling structure that dates to the early 19th century The slave dwelling, still standing, was used as a detached kitchen from the early 19th century up until possibly the Great Depression or later. According to a United States census record, during the 1860s Craft owned nine slaves; two adult females, ages 28 and 25, five male slaves, ages 16, 15, 9, 3, and one age not legible, and two female children, ages 12 and 64. Hugh Craft owned higher than the average urban slave dwelling, usually having 1-3 slaves . A 1850s United States census record shows that the Craft family included Hugh Craft,

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