William Shakespeare 's Poem, Disgrace With Fortune And Men 's Eyes

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Dating back to 1609, William Shakespeare artfully crafts a poem, in which illuminates a man’s struggle through self-reflection and faith. With fourteen lines in iambic pentameter, the poem embodies the characteristics of an English sonnet. Allowing the character to “look upon myself,” Shakespeare writes about the feelings of a singular person; thus, creating a lyric poem. Masterfully working within the tough parameters of closed form, Shakespeare strays away from typical meter and rhyme scheme only when emphasizing the true nature of the persona’s spirit. In Shakespeare’s sonnet “When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes,” the poet employs numerous poetic devices to exemplify the persona’s struggle with loneliness and self-worth,…show more content…
Furthering the persona’s introduction, lines two through four of the poem exemplify the narrator’s feelings of isolation, both spiritually and personally. Caused by the divine and men’s shame, the persona inhabits an “outcast state.” Isolated from peers and friends, the persona weeps when stating “I all alone.” The alliteration emphasizes the narrator’s emotion of complete desolation. Not only does he doubt his faith, but also feels distant from God. In line three, the poem reads, “Trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries.” The persona’s desperate prayers not only seem useless and unheard, but also the use of “trouble” connotes his “cries” cause annoyance. Employing metonymy by referring to God as “deaf heaven,” the persona indirectly distances himself farther from his faith by refusing to directly name the unresponsive listener to his bellows. The line’s meter deepens the persona’s distance from God. Although the poem reads in iambic pentameter, the word “heaven” and its syllables create a trochee, the complete opposite of the iamb. The slight change in meter brings emphasis to his isolation. The entirety of the poem speaks of the persona’s identify and emotions in iambs except for the mention of God, from whom he feels the most
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