The nucleus of the plot in Shakespeare's The Tempest revolves around Prospero enacting his revenge on various characters who have wronged him in different ways. Interestingly enough, he uses the spirit of Ariel to deliver the punishments while Prospero delegates the action. Prospero is such a character that can concoct methods of revenge but hesitates to have direct involvement with disillusioning his foes. In essence, Prospero sends Ariel to do his dirty work while hiding his involvement in shipwrecking his brother, Antonio, from his daughter, Miranda.
Soon after we learn that Prospero controls Miranda, we discover that he magically controls the weather and that he also commands a spirit named Ariel to do tasks for him. When a ship carrying
"From the moment they arrive on the island to the time of their release and pardon, they are almost continually guided, prompted, and motivated by visions that Ariel, acting for Prospero, weaves before them and by the spells he casts upon them". Prospero's motivation behind all this manipulating is to provide the group of nobles, mainly Alonso and Antonio, to become of aware of their wrongdoings, repent for stripping away his dukedom and casting him out to isolation. The first illusion that Prospero casts is planting the idea that Ferdinand has drowned during the shipwreck firmly within the mind of his father Alonso. It doesn't take much for Alonso to be thoroughly convinced that his son is head, batting away any words that offer any hope. "No, no, he's gone" At this point in the play, Alonso has not associated the drowning and loss of his son with Prospero. He believes that this is the result of marrying off his daughter Claribel to an African prince. Losing both his children and heirs to the throne, he feels as though he cannot go on "O thou mine heir/Of Naples and of Milan, what strange fish/Hath made his meal on thee?"
Prospero enslaves Caliban and Ariel, seizing the island for him and Miranda, just like Alonso and Antonio had done to him. The rightful ruler of the island is Caliban, and although Caliban at one time tried to rape Miranda, Prospero repeatedly punishes him for this one event that occurred much before this play takes place. Prospero initially “helps” Caliban by educating him and in exchange, Caliban taught Prospero and Miranda how to survive on the island. Prospero uses the act of attempted-rape to justify his seizure of the island. This take-over should have been enough punishment but Prospero enslaves Caliban, threatening to hurt him if he does not do his bidding. By endlessly punishing Caliban, Prospero inadvertently shows his malicious side. Although Prospero freed Ariel from the tree he was bound inside, Prospero blackmails Ariel and essentially enslaves him too. Prospero repeatedly tells Ariel that he will set him free but, it seems as if that is an empty
It is Ariel who calls the storm and wrecks the ship, it is Ariel who brings its passengers to shore. Prospero uses Ariel to position the wrecked nobles; in so doing he arranges the two conspiracies, as well as the meeting between Miranda and Ferdinand.
He encouraged two other men to join him, Stephano, a butler, and Trinculo, a jester. All three of these men shared one thing in common: a low place in society. In an effort to free themselves from society’s pressure, the men plotted to murder Prospero. Stephano says, “Monster, I will kill this man: his daughter and I will be king and queen, save our graces! and Trinculo and thyself shall be viceroys” (Act 3 Scene 2 Lines 106-108). Before they got the chance to kill, Prospero caught them, proving society’s power, once again, to be too strong. Many times, Stephano and Trinculo talked about how they would break from their low place in society. At the end of the story, however, they find themselves stuck under King Alonso’s power, just as they were before the shipwreck. Despite all of their efforts, Stephano, Trinculo, and Caliban all were stuck in their low place in society.
Prospero’s intentions throughout the play was to seek out vengeance towards his brother and all those who helped him in his betrayal. Through the work of Ariel, Prospero was able to capture those he shipwrecked but decides to forgive them. He also forgives Caliban after plotting to kill him while serving another master, these acts of change are key to the improvement and empowerment Prospero learns after being on the island. The is a growth and arch shown about the character as he states, “ The rarer action is in virtue than in vengeance.” Prospero also shows enrichment of character when he sets Ariel free after commanding him to make smooth sailing upon the return to Naples and Milan, contrasting to the beginning of the play when Prospero seems ungrateful about the service of Ariel. The problem Prospero had that paved the way to him being exiled, was his obsession with studying his art/magic. It is through his experience on the island where he finally comes to realize that the source and self-improvement that he needed to make was giving up his magic. This is symbolized by the throwing away of his books and his plea to the audience to “release him from his bands”. By giving up his magic,the reason he couldn’t be an affective Duke, shows how his alienation on the island benefited him by allowing him to focus on his role and duty as
Prospero operated in the three facets of power relation, as did Columbus. He attacked the social, psychological and cultural facets of the natives as was able to thwart them to his good pleasure. In attacking the social facet, Prospero threatened the class system that was already in effect on the island. After fleeing from Italy, he no longer belonged to a specific class and sought to regain a regal position by taking control of those he encountered on the island. In attacking the psychological facet, Prospero used his power of influence to persuade others to change the way they think or redirect their morality. This influence on morality can be seen when Ariel returns from performing a task for
In Act V Scene 2, Prospero finally confronts all of the visitors of the island, from the King of Naples to the boatswain and his crewmates. The two most important interactions that outline his change in character are the ones between his brother Antonio, and the King of Naples, Alonso. Prospero takes the initiative and forgives his brother, twice. He confronts Antonio, “I do forgive thee, / Unnatural though thou art” (V.i.88-89) and, “I do forgive / Thy rankest fault, all of them” (V.i.151-152). Lines like these show an overview of Prospero's new character at the end of the play. The first of change is admitting the wrongs and moving on from the past, both of which Prospero does. Prospero’s opinions about Alonso is also decidedly different from the beginning of the play. When talking to Miranda, Prospero refers to the Kind as “being an enemy” (I.ii.145) as well as Antonio composing “A treacherous army” (I.ii.152) of both the forces of Milan and Naples. It is clear that Prospero initially had strong feelings against the Naples family tree and kingdom. However, alongside the marriage of Ferdinand, the prince of Naples, and Prospero’s own daughter, relations between the two seem to have bettered by the end. Prospero only treats Alonso with respect saying, “I embrace thy body” (V.i.120) and, “Let me embrace thine age, whose honor cannot / Be measured or confined” (V.i.135-136). Prospero already begins to deal with the politics of Milan has he ensures that the relationship between the two countries is strong. These attempts show that Prosper is more disposed to his people and no longer just
After Prospero, along with his daughter Miranda, were forced off Milan and shipped to an isolated island. Prospero’s desire for revenge was demonstrated when he conjured the storm with the assistance of his mysterious spirit slave, Ariel, and brought the men on the ship onto the island as emphasised in Prospero’s assertive tone, “Spirit. Did you carry out the storm just as i ordered?” Prospero’s innate nature to take responsibility and claim the land as his own, gave rise to the conflict between Caliban; a native, and Prospero. “This island’s mine, by sycorac my mother, which thou takest from me.”
Ariel mocks the men, and accuses them of driving Prospero out of Milan and leaving him and his daughter at the mercy of the sea. Ariel threatens them, and tells the men that the powers of nature and the sea have exacted revenge on them. Ariel disappears, and Prospero applauds the work of his servant, because now his enemies are in his control. This scene is very suspenseful, and makes it interesting. It also leaves you wondering what’s going to happen to the men, and what revenge will be placed on
Throughout his experiences in the play, Prospero carries out a dynamic change from vengeful to forgiving. King Alonso and his men are low in morale and grieving the assumed fatalities of their crew from the tempest. Prospero sees this as an effective opportunity for his enemies to repent their past through a horrific interaction with a harpy. He then comments on Ariel’s deceiving performance: “And these mine enemies are all knit up/ in their distractions. They now are in my power;/ and in these fits I leave them while I visit/ young Ferdinand, whom they suppose is drowned” (3.3.109-112).
Then, Prospero rescued a spirit, Ariel, from imprisonment in a tree. Ariel then became Prospero’s servant in return. From that day on, Prospero had planned his revenge on his brother and the King. Twelve years passed, and King Alonso, his son Ferdinand, Sebastian, Gonzalo, and the Duke of Milan, Antonio have shipwrecked on the island on their way back home from Tunis. Will Prospero succeed on his path to revenge?
Throughout Act 5 Scene 1, Shakespeare exposes Prospero as the ultimate loving father once he sacrifices his powers, the island and Ariel in order for Miranda to marry Ferdinand and be happy, and to travel back to Milan with everyone. Ferdinand is a link
This piece exhibited a sense of variety since there were several different story line. The main story line was about Prospero’s plan to reclaim his duchy; this part of the story is rational and eloquent. Another line was about the love story between Miranda and Ferdinand; this part of the story is romantic and dreamy. Another line was about the attempt of Stephano to gain the control of the island; this part of the story was very