William Sumner and Sociology

1103 WordsFeb 1, 20184 Pages
This paper will summarize the life of William Sumner and his impact in the field of sociology. It will give a brief background from his birth, to his education, and end with his profession or career. His many contributions to further the field of sociology will be discussed; such as his theories, teachings, and books. The paper will also mention his major influence as well as those he influenced. His interests and pastimes will also be included. Introduction William Graham Sumner was an American historian, economists, political theorist, sociologist, and anthropologist, from New Jersey. Sumner came from a poor and uneducated family but went on to graduate from Yale University and study at Oxford and Gottingen. He was a distinguished writer of numerous books including his most popular Folkways. He made major contributions to sociology that includes the concept of ethnocentrism, the term folkways, and the term mores. Sumner was influenced by his parents but his major influence in the field of sociology was the English sociologist Herbert Spencer. Also, he influenced many people through his books, essays, and speeches. There are many surprising and interesting facts about William Sumner such as his time as an ordained minister and traveling to Europe to further his studies. Background William Graham Sumner was born on October 30, 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey. He is the son of Thomas Sumner and Sarah Graham. His mother died when William Sumner was eight years
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