Wilson and the Treaty of Versailles

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The Treaty of Versailles was created with the intent of preventing another war. The Allied powers met at Versailles to discuss the treaty without inviting the Central Powers. Although the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative reduced the possibilities of the treaty being passed, The Treaty of Versailles’ defeat was mainly because of Wilson’s quickly changed opinion on reparations, disapproval of senators, and his intransigence towards the treaty.
In the beginning Wilson opposed demanding compensation from the Central Powers, then the Allied leaders convinced Wilson to put reparations on Germany. The reparations set upon Germany was $56 billion, however in the end they only paid $9 billion which was more than Germany could afford. John Maynard Keynes said that the treaty should not deprive Germany of all its belongings, Germany is still made up of human beings and they should not be treated this harshly (Document F). In the beginning Wilson was on the same boat as Keynes, however Wilson was nervous that the allied powers would not be on the same side unless they also benefitted from the treaty so he added reparations. Wilson’s ineptitude led to quick decisions which helped defeat the Treaty of Versailles.
Leader of the Irreconcilables, William E. Borah was not in favor of the treaty because he believed that the treaty encourages even more violence (Document A). Wilson hated the senators, but the one senator he hated the most was Henry Cabot Lodge. Henry Cabot Lodge
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