Wine Culture Means A Lot

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Wine culture means a lot to people. People can suspend their ‘secular identities’ throughout the bottle opening, rituals, wine festivals, wine tastings (Fuller, R. 1996). Wine has been called a ‘chemical symphony’, ‘bottled poetry’ and a ‘capture sunshine’ (Becker 1979) To start with, wine is produced only once a year, in the fall, when the grapes are ripen. Grapes contain yeast and when these are compressed into a pot for a period of time, then yeast ferments sugar in the juice into alcohol and Carbon Dioxide. A few days later, wine is produced (Stefan, K. 2002) At the Neolithic settlements in the Zagros Mountains of today’s Iran, wine was likely made from the native Vitis vinifera sylvestris grape. With the passage of time, the vitis…show more content…
2002). (Jar on display at the Penn Museum) The first archaeological traces, showing that wine have been made from domesticated vines comes from a pottery jar. The first clay jars were excavated at the Neolithic site of Hajji Firuz Tepe (5400-5000 B.C.) in the northern Zagros Mountains. (Kenneth, F. & Connee, R. 2000) o 3500- 525 B.C - Near East, Egypt and Mesopotamia: During the Early Bronze Age, there was an establishment of a successful winemaking industry in the Nile Delta, in Egypt and Palestine, - by at least Dynasty 3 (ca. 2700 B.C.), the beginning of the Old Kingdom period. Wine in Egypt was considered a beverage (drink) for the wealthy people, while beer and water were consumed by the poorest people, until the coming of the Greeks in the Hellenistic period (Brothwell, D. and Brothwell, P. 1998). Evidence of winemaking in Egypt, were found on tomb walls picturizing winemaking scenes and the accompanying offering lists include wine was definitely produced at vineyards in the Delta. By the end of the Old Kingdom, five wines—all probably made in the Delta—constitute a canonical set of provisions, for the afterlife. Amphorae were the so called jars, used for storing and transportation of wine. The discovery of these amphorae in the tombs of Pharaohs at Abydos and those of their families at Saqqara, confirmed the use of the wine since the ancient years
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