With An Increasing Amount Of Beliefs And Personal Opinions

1401 WordsFeb 26, 20176 Pages
With an increasing amount of beliefs and personal opinions being created regarding the problems with public education and with possible solutions being based on these personal opinion and beliefs, Paul A. Kirschner and Jeroen J.G. van Merrienboer address and refute three urban legends that they believe are not founded on good educational research or educational psychology. Kirschner and van Merrienboer warn readers of the danger of forming and altering educational methods based on these urban legends. Specifically, three urban legends exist and are addressed in this article. The first urban legend addressed is that learners know best how to deal with new technologies for learning as highly competent digital natives who are effective…show more content…
Human brains are not hardwired for the simultaneous performance of tasks, rather they can only allow for switching between different tasks (Herman et al as cited by Kirschner and van Merrienboer, 171). What appears to many observers as a generation of youth appearing to be good multi-taskers is really just a population switching between tasks or a generation of learners caught up in the “butterfly defect” (Kirschner and van Merrienboer 171), an unending loop of clicking on links and hyperlinks while never finding depth or value in new knowledge. Switching between tasks can lead to inefficiency in each task and possible errors. “It has been broadly shown that rapid switching behavior, when compared to carrying out tasks serially, leads to poorer learning results in students and poor performance of tasks” (Rogers and Monsell, Rubinstein et al as cited by Kirschner and van Merrienboer 172). A second urban legend indicates that learners know that their learning style and that good instruction should be tailored to that style. Kirschner and van Merrienboer while citing various research studies indicating that learning styles only classify people into groups see three specific problems with this urban legend. First, a person may not fit into one specific learning style. Second, when individuals complete a particular measure of learning style at two different times, reliability
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