With Reference to Examples, Assess the Degree to Which the Level of Economic Development of a Country Affects Planning and Management in Urban Areas.

1939 WordsApr 11, 20138 Pages
With reference to examples, assess the degree to which the level of economic development of a country affects planning and management in urban areas. Planning and management needs to happen in all countries over the world because no matter how different the level of development between countries the problems will be same in urban areas. These problems that need to be planned and managed in the urban areas of the city are becoming increasingly significant due to the fact that there has been a hug increase in the number of people living in cities worldwide, just over fifty percent of the world are now living in urban areas. The main reason for this is the huge increase in urbanisation which is defined as an increase in the proportion of…show more content…
This master plan was promoted by the central government of France between 1970-2000 it is known as the Schema Directeur. To some extent this was a success because redevelopment plans of the Schema Directeur created new futuristic high rise buildings, and better transport links were creates such as metro stations and RER. Originally 5 new towns were planned in the NW and SE corridors 30km from the city centre only 4 were ever built though. It has not quite been a total success even though the amount of people moving out of the city in this green wedge idea has increased as conterurbanisation has increased. However there are still problems in the urban areas such as racial disharmony between North Africans and Black Africans. Also in the grande couronne there is a very young populations and unemployment is still large here. Another problem with the grande couronne is that 30% of the space is still vacant, so the youth became disenchanted, and riots in 2005 occurred. Also the increase in commuting to Paris city centre has caused an increase in congestion. Mumbai is on the west coast of India and has had a population growth from 2.9million to 24.3million between 1950 and 2010. This growth is mainly due to migration but these are mostly men so it is limited growth. The average increase is 12% growth per annum due to rural to urban migration this occurred

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