Women Before and After the Pahlavi Period in Iran

5501 Words23 Pages
Women Before and After the Pahlavi Period In Iran Hashem Alshakhas December 11 2013 Table of Contents Section Page Introduction………………………………………………………….……………………..1 Rise of Reza and Muhammad Shah………………………………………….…….1 The first Pahlavi period- Reza Shah…...…………………………………….…….5 Modernization, unveiling and clash with the citizens…………………………5 The second Pahlavi period- Muhammad Shah…………………………..10 After The Islamic Revolution …………………………………………….14 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………..19 References…………………………………………………………………..21 Introduction It has been more…show more content…
Reza Shah paid a visit to Ankara to benefit from Ataturk’s experience. The intentions of Reza Shah were the same as Ataturk’s intentions in turkey; he was working on paralyzing the role of Islam in the society and on banning the hijab among other things. Reza shah then forbade the Imam Hussain consolation gatherings. After he banned clerics from wearing turbans in 1935 and forced them to wear western style clothing, in 1936, he officially banned hijab and later on stopped working by the Islamic calendar. He also gave his official orders to stop condolences rituals in Ashura (10th day of the holy month of Muharram) and banned Friday prayers speeches and banned religious teachings at schools. For her part, Reza Shahs wife entered the Maisuma mosque in Qom without wearing the hijab, and when the mosques servant asked her to put on clothes that are suitable with her entry to the mosque, he was brutally beaten by her bodyguards. Among all things, Shah Reza was preparing his son Mohammed Reza to assume power after him. So for that reason, his son studied at the military school in Iran and then continued his education in Austria. After he returned, he started to deal with politics under the supervision of his father who was always supporting him. As reassurance and as a way to further hold on to his throne with a tighter grip, he wanted to reinforce his kingdom through the marriage relationships with other kingdoms,
Open Document