Women In German Expressionism

1420 Words6 Pages
When it came to women throughout the art movements of German Expressionism, Dadaism, and Surrealism, there was a rapid change in the artistic community, partly because of World War I. Using women as subjects became less about exploiting them and showing their faults through the eyes of the men painting them, like Henri Matisse did with his wife. When women were subjects in the art of these periods, it was much more about the celebration of them and their sexuality. In addition to women only being subjects, they were transformed into artists who were respected in their groups during these times. All of these seemingly progressive ideas went down the drain after WWI ended. In Expressionism, artists like Ernst Kirchner conveyed the new freedom of women, like in his Berlin Street Scene. After this freedom was more widely accepted, women joined in on and were actually welcomed into the movements. One such woman was Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. Her collaboration with Morton Schamberg to create the piece God proved that she deserved to be respected in the Dada scene. After Dada, Surrealism came into the limelight. Salvador Dalí the most famous Surrealist and he had a lot to say about women in his art. In his painting The Great Masturbator, done in 1929, he made a statement about the disease he believed female sexuality was. This was a much more oppressive attitude when compared to the previous art movement, Dada. When World War One started in 1914, women had to take the place of
Get Access