Essay about Women Of Ancient Greece

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The Women of Greece: A Transition from Ancient Power to Classical Subservience

For the most part, women in today's society hold a position equal to that of a man;

however, this has not always been the case. Women?s conquest for political and social

freedom is a battle that has gone on for centuries. Perhaps the breaking point in women?s

liberation was the Women's Movement of the 1900's, which encouraged women all over

America to join in the fight for their right to vote. Because of this struggle for equality,

women are now able to vote, receive a standard of fairness in the workplace, hold

political positions, and play professional sports, as well as a wide array of other privileges

enjoyed by men.
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Another problem that Greece faced was the rivalry between the city-states of

Athens and Sparta. The cooperation between the two city-states in the Persian War was

short-lived. Athens and Sparta were constantly feuding for control of Greece (Greece

373).

The Archaic period, though constantly growing, was one of a somewhat primitive

nature. Due to this, not much written philosophy has surfaced; however, creative thought

was very encouraged during this time (Greece 367). Because of the lack of written

documents, many of the holes in the philosophy of the time must be filled with

speculation. The philosophy of ancient Greece, that could be found, was very favorable

towards women. During the Archaic period, a woman held a position almost equal to that

of a man. Women were able to hold political positions, possess land, and overall enjoy a

majority of the same rights that a man had. This philosophy of women?s equality is best

expressed by J.P. Mahaffy when he states: ?This equality upon the position of women is

obvious... The wives and daughters of the chiefs were respected and influential because

they were attached to the centre of power, because they influenced the king more than

free men did? (146). The whole idea of women being not only respected but influential

during this period in Greece is phenomenal when one considers the more abject role that

women in many other cultures of that time were
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