Women in Pakistan

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Afshan Jafar claims that the position of women in Pakistan is the product of specific, historical, political and cultural forces (53). In this paper, we will examine the historical and contemporary cultural and political forces that influence women in Pakistan. Particular attention will be given to the influence of General Zia al Haq on women's rights; this will be illustrated by examining Pakistani government policies on women before, during, and after his rule. The historical and contemporary cultural and political forces are different in the influence on women. In the past, Pakistani women were generally limited, but more respected at home. This is a significant change compared to the public degrading that they faced during and after…show more content…
Along with the Hudood laws came the Zina Ordinances, which are a "part of the Islamic-defined reform system of the legal and social structures" (62 ROUSE). These ordinances sought to modify laws in order to conform the existing Islamic laws with the Law of Evidence and the Law of Blasphemy (KHAN 1). They were related to adultery, fornication, rape, and prostitution, matters that mostly involve women (JEFFREY & BASU). Under the Zina Ordinances, a predetermined punishment is assigned to offenders based on the reading of Sura, Chapter 24, and verse 2 of the Qur'an (Khan 2).

The woman and the man Guilty of fornication Flog each of them With a hundred stripes Scholars who study Sunnah established a legal interpretation based on this verse – the punishment of one hundred stripes was only to be applied to unmarried persons. If you were married and found guilty of fornication, the traditional punishment was death. Under the Zina Ordinances, this became the first time in Pakistan's history that illicit sex became a crime against the state, punishable by death (Khan 2). If it cannot be proved that rape occurred, then the act of sex becomes a crime against the state. No woman has been put to death under these laws but frequent whippings occurred (Khan 3). Also among the Zina Ordinances is the requirement of a Muslim judge for trials, especially in the higher courts. A non-Muslim
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