Women’S Health Plus. Tamer Almasri, Felicia Montgomery.
1619 WordsMay 2, 20177 Pages
Women’s Health Plus
Tamer Almasri, Felicia Montgomery
Governors State University
Women’s Health Plus
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Larnson & Wolk (2017) state in their article that with type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin and in type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called…show more content…
Unlike type 2 diabetes, women with type 1 diabetes do not appear to have an increased risk of breast cancer. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin to function properly, or the cells in the body do not react normally to the insulin it does produce (insulin resistance). Being overweight, physically inactive and eating an unhealthy diet all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Approximately 90-95 percent of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. Postmenopausal women 50 years or older who have type 2 diabetes have about a 20-27 percent increased risk of breast cancer. It’s not entirely clear why people with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for breast cancer. Type 2 diabetes causes several changes that could increase breast cancer risk such as high glucose levels, high insulin levels and increased inflammation. Studies have shown a link between all of these changes and the development of breast cancer. In addition, many risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and breast cancer overlap – such as being older, being overweight or obese and lack of regular physical activity. These risk factors may separately, and together, contribute to the increased risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women with diabetes. Breast cancer is associated with type II diabetes, and a previous epidemiological study demonstrated that type II diabetes increased the risk of developing breast cancer by 10-20% (Irie,Banno,Aoki,n.d.). A