Women's Economic Opportunities and Health in Brazil Essay example

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Women's Economic Opportunities and Health in Brazil Women’s economic opportunities and health in Brazil is affected by many factors. Brazilian women’s economic opportunities are affected by such factors as gender inequality, violence from men, and racial inequality. Health is affected by reproductive rights, maternal mortality rates, domestic violence and sexual violence. This paper will examine health and economic opportunities available to women in the countries of Saudi Arabia, the United States and Brazil. Brazilian women were over half the population in 1998 at 50.6 percent (Reproductive Rights, 2004). The female life expectancy was 75.3 by the 2003 estimate. 86.6 percent of Brazilian women are literate overall and represent…show more content…
In 1991, 2.9% of the population lived in favelas (U.S. Library of Congress, 1996). The rural area population in Brazil is comprised of a 50 percent female population, but only 11 percent of the titles to land are in the name of women. The Minister of Agrarian Development is working to eliminate the discrimination of women and increase micro-credits to women in the Northeast so that they may stay with their families (Blaney, 2004). Brazil’s economy has the power to make it a second world country, but its precarious health care system demotes its status to third world. Brazil ranked 125th out of 191 countries tested in a health conditions analysis done by the World Health Organization in 2000 (SEJUP). This ranking is in part due to the almost nonexistent health services in many portions of Brazil. The 1988 Federal Constitution and Organic Health Law of 1990 universalized healthcare unified the public healthcare system and decentralized the management and organization of health services from federal to state and municipal level (PAHO, 1999). The constitution also gave all Brazilians free healthcare from public and private source reimbursed by the government (PAHO, 1999). Most health establishments belong to the public sector (65.2 percent public and 34.8 percent private); more private institutions (43.2 percent) provide inpatient care than

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