Women's Rights In Ancient Egypt

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Although ancient Egyptian women were not completely equal to the men in their society, they still had more rights than women in other ancient societies. Unlike women in other ancient societies, Egyptian women enjoyed most of the same legal and economic rights that Egyptian men did. In ancient Egypt “the disparities between people's legal rights were based on differences in social class and not on gender.”
At least in theory ancient Egyptian women and men were able to achieve the same economic and legal rights. Fascinatingly enough, when the Greeks conquered Egypt in 332 B.C.E., Egyptian women were allowed more rights than Greek women, despite the fact that the Egyptians were forced to live under the Greeks. Ancient Egyptian women were allowed a variety of rights and privileges. For example they could own, manage, and sell private property, resolve legal settlements, and much more.
The private property of ancient Egyptian women consisted of more than just land. Private property included slaves, portable goods, servants, livestock, and money as well. Just as legally as they could own, sell, and manage slaves, they could free them too. Women in Egypt had the right to resolve or conclude legal
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Take for instance the community property law on married Egyptians. This law states that ancient Egyptian women “had claims to up to one-third of all the community property in her marriage.” This community property did not include the Egyptian woman’s own property that she accumulated before the marriage. Still, as you can see it would be historically incorrect for us to claim that ancient Egyptian women and men had completely equal rights. Another example that displays androcentrism is that although an Egyptian women could bequeath property to whomever she wished, this could be overruled by her husband’s will if it says
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