Word Frequency and the Generation Effect Essay

2006 WordsApr 16, 20129 Pages
WORD FREQUENCY AND THE GENERATION EFFECT ABSTRACT This report aimed to investigate the generation effect occurs for low frequency words. The experiment used a sample of 117 second year Research Method students from Birkbeck Univerity in within and between subject design. There were two independent variables, read and generate items and two dependant variables, low and high frequency. This data was analyzed with related sample t test to examine whether the generation effect occurs for low frequency words and independent sample t test to investigate whether there is a difference between generation effect with low and high frequency words. The results show that there is significant difference between generate and read condition…show more content…
They rejected the lexical activation hypothesis stating that the generation effect may be dependent upon familiarity and associations of the to be remembered items with other words and concepts. Therefore, would the generation effect occur for low frequency words if they were more familiar for the subject? Furthermore, the aim of this report is to carry out the experiment on the word frequency in generation effect and to find out whether there is generation effect for low frequency words and whether the difference between word frequency level has an influence on the occurrence of the generation effect. Hypothesis 1 : the generation effect will be present with low frequency words. Hypothesis 2: the generation effect is smaller for low frequency words than for high frequency words. Null hypothesis 1: there will be no generation effect for low frequency words. Null hypothesis 2: there will be no difference between generation effect in low and high frequency words. METHOD Participants A hundred and seventeen students at Birkbeck Univerity volunteered in the experiment held during Research Method lecture. Materials The materials used in this experiment were fifty six concrete nouns taken from the Kucera and Francis (1967) word count. There were four sets of the stimuli. Two sets were formed of 28 nouns having counts of 67 or more (high frequency) and other two were 28 nouns having counts of 10 or fewer (low frequency).
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