A doctor once said ‘the more that you read, the more things you will know. The more you learn, the more places you’ll go’. That doctor was, of course, Dr Suess in his book 1978 book, I Can Read with My Eyes Shut!. Reading is the orchestration of many skills. It is much more than simply decoding words. The National Reading Panel Report (A Closer Look, 2004, p. 1) summarised a child’s reading process and teachers’ effective reading instruction into five essential components. These five critical elements are phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. Each element is individually important; however, each cannot occur independently of one an other. The most effective way to teach these elements is through a balanced
Instead of allowing students to feel helpless, there is a need to provide the students with tools that will enable them to overcome the reading difficulties themselves. According to Dr. Joseph Torgeson (2002), two components are necessary for reading comprehension: language comprehension skills and the ability to read words in print fluently and accurately.
Phonics is for the purpose of learning to read and spell. Comprehension is also an important factor when speaking of literacy. Students should be taught the many strategies that will help them with comprehension and word recognition. In my experience in a first grade classroom I used many of these strategies. Within my lessons I included the activation of prior knowledge to construct meaning, the use of context clues in a sentence, pictures clues, predicting, and drawing inferences about ideas or characters in the text. I always made sure that I modeled the strategy for the student before they set of to do it.
Oral language is also an important component in reading. When a child enters school, they enter with an amount of oral language and background knowledge that would come from their experiences so far. This knowledge helps them to understand their peers and others around them. The amount of oral language development within is student, directly reflects upon their reading level. The easier it is for a child to speak, the easier it is for them to pick up reading. Reading is not an easy task, but oral language does help with the process. Additionally, oral language would also help with the recognizing and association of words to text that is being read. There may be a situation in which the student is reading about for which they can relate too. This could be due to their prior oral language development. Associating words that are recognized in their vocabulary with words that are in the text creates a link that the student can expand on. This
Four Theories: Learning to Read Learning to read is beginning to develop earlier in elementary grades. Students are expected to be emergent readers by the time he or she leaves kindergarten and enters first grade. If a child is not, he or she is labeled as being behind. According to Hughes
Reading is the interpretation of written symbols and involves the visual perception of those symbols. Reading connects the meaning of symbols with the words that has been spoken or heard. Kindergarten students build reading skills as they progress from letter recognition to early phonics. They begin to learn the beginning and ending sounds of common or high frequency words. As their vocabulary increases students begin to use words
The Simple View of Reading (SVoR) model suggests that children must have language comprehension and word recognition skills to be proficient readers, Medwell et al (2014). Jim Rose’s report (2006, p. 40) outlined the Simple View of Reading as a useful framework, which would make explicit to teachers what they need to teach about word recognition and language comprehension (see appendix 1). Before the Rose report, reading was defined as decoding black marks, Graham and Kelly (2012). After this the searchlights model suggested that phonics, grammatical knowledge, reading comprehension and graphic knowledge are equally useful tools when learning to read, Ward (2008). The Rose report’s Independent Review of the Teaching of Early reading reconstructed this model and created the SVoR. Rose (2006, p. 38) determines word recognition as a process which allows you to use “phonics to recognise words” and language comprehension as the means by which “word information, sentences and discourse are interpreted.” The SVoR suggests that, to become a fluent reader, the skills of language comprehension and word recognition are equally important and dependent on each other. Gough and Tummer first mentioned this model, as stated that “comprehension is not sufficient, for decoding is also necessary” Wyse et al (2013, p.
Teach the child to read and empower them to become a fast and fluent Reader: Teach the child to read a unique combination of synthetic phonics and phonemic knowingness skills development. It is a fact - helping children develop phonemic knowingness skills is the most essential step in getting reading skills. The spoken English language is made up of words and sentences, and these words are made up of individual sounds or phonemes. Children learn to say and recognize these individual sounds through a process called developing phonemic
Children are able to connect the visual of seeing letters on the page and the vocal sound of their parent as they are being read to. They also learn their colors, shapes, alphabet, numbers, and expand their vocabulary. Each of these skills will assist in reading comprehension and literacy.
There are many important components involved in learning to read, however, five main aspects stand out. These being early experiences with language and print, phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary and fluency. All of these elements are important and depend on each other to generate the ultimate goal for reading which is comprehension. Teachers need to have a comprehensive understanding of the process of learning to read, intensive knowledge of effective strategies to help children thrive when learning to read
Introduction Learning to read is a valuable and important skill that children acquire from a very early age. Children gain an understanding of the different sounds in our spoken language from a wide range of different experiences and social interaction with their environment. For example, singing and saying rhymes, sharing books, making and listening to music, pretend play, listening to adults and joining in conversations etc ect. as mentioned by Vygotsky (1978)
They all need different things and need to be taught in different ways. There is no one-size-fits-all when it comes to teaching children how to read. I believe that a teacher needs to know her student and know the student’s strengths and weaknesses. However, just as important is the teacher knowing how to motivate and get the child excited to read. I have also learned that it is important to build up a child’s confidence. Children need to have attainable goals so they can prosper in their reading
Name of Assignment: How I will develop sight word knowledge in my instructional programme. Introduction Sight words are words which are recognized on sight and do not require any analysis. Sight word knowledge refers to the ability to recognize the pronunciation of words automatically without conscious application of other decoding strategies
Focus on developing decoding skills and reading fluency: Decoding is the foundation on which all other reading instruction builds. Identical, fluency provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. If students cannot decode words, their reading will lack fluency. When fluent readers read silently, they recognize words automatically.
The science of reading According to Reutzel (2013) reading is intertwined with many other developmental accomplishments: attention, memory, language, and motivation. Basic concepts and strategies include phonemic awareness and the ability to focus on and manipulate phonemes in spoken words and phonics children receive explicit, systematic instruction in a set of prespecified associations between letters and sounds, and they are taught how to use them to read, typically in texts containing controlled vocabulary.