Work-Family Balance

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Work-Family Balance
Contemporary gender-role attitudes have changed partly as a response to the steady increase in women’s participation in the labor force. Although this increase was especially evident in the 1970s and 1980s, as was the move toward more egalitarian attitudes, it continued in the 1990s through the present. College-educated men and women are less likely to hold traditional ideas about gender, work and family roles. Within the family, attitudes toward gender roles have become more liberal, moving in the direction of sharing of housework and childcare. (Cohen, Devault & Strong, 2011). An ideal for modern family is to share wage-earning and family responsibilities in equal basis (Lamanna, Riedman and Strahm, 2012).
Giraffe (2011) stated that individuals manage the competing demands of work and personal lives, the need for lifelong learning, and the responsibilities of parenting are real issues for today’s workforce. Social institutions such as marriage and childrearing have changed, leading to more single mothers, evolving roles for women in the workplace, and more men in new roles at home. Longer life expectancy and later childbearing age have created the sandwich generation of middle-aged adult workers, who simultaneously provide care for their children and their senior family members.
A great deal of research and other writings on the subject suggest that today’s typical dual earner family or a family with a working single parent is a hectic one; this is
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