Work Life Balance

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1. Introduction Work-life balance is defined as the ability to prioritize between work and a personal life to achieve what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describes as total worker health. It is simply balancing a career with leisurely and pleasure-inducing activities, such as exercising, spending time with family and friends, and enjoying the things that make one happiest (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). However, work-life balance is more complicated than the aforementioned description; work-life balance has become a topic of focus in the U.S. as Americans continue to fail to balance their lives between the two realms. Peer-reviewed publications and popular media alike have reported that when work and home lives aren’t coordinated or harmonious, individuals tend to be sicker, unhappier, and less productive in both realities (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2015). 2. Literature Review Current literature suggests that work-life balance is an emerging challenge in today’s society (Fleetwood, 2007; Grawitch et al., 2015). Work-life balance is a major factor in workplace stress (Antai, D et al., 2015; Munir et al., 2012), as majority of people spend more waking hours at work (8 hours per day) than at home. This fact makes the need for a positive work environment increasingly important. Literature emphasizes that working in a positive work environment, with flexible hours and expectations, is correlated with stress

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